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Difference between Torah and Tanakh

Difference between Torah and Tanakh

The Torah, also known as the Five Books of Moses, is the basic law of Judaism. It consists of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. The Tanakh is a Hebrew acronym for Torah (Law), Nevi’im (Prophets), and Ketuvim (Writings). It is a compilation of Jewish scriptures that includes the Torah and other writings such as Psalms and Proverbs. While both the Torah and Tanakh are sacred texts to Jews, there are important differences between them.

What is Torah?

Torah is the central text of Judaism. It includes the five books of Moses, also known as the Pentateuch, as well as a number of other writings, such as the Prophets and the Writings. Together, these texts are sometimes referred to as the Tanakh. The Torah is sacred to Jews and is regarded as a guide for living a moral and just life. It is also seen as a source of authority in Jewish law. In addition to its religious significance, the Torah is also an important work of literature, containing a wealth of stories, teachings, and laws that have shaped Jewish culture and tradition.

What is Tanakh?

  • Tanakh is the Hebrew Bible, which is also sometimes called the Jewish Bible or the Old Testament. The word Tanakh comes from the Hebrew acronym TaNakh, which stands for Torah (the Five Books of Moses), Nevi’im (the Prophets), and Ketuvim (the Writings).
  • The Tanakh contains 24 books, which were written in Hebrew over a period of more than 1,000 years. These books tell the story of the history of the Jewish people, from the creation of the world to the early centuries of the Common Era.
  • The Tanakh is divided into three sections: Torah, Nevi’im, and Ketuvim. Each section contains different kinds of literature, such as narratives, laws, poetry, and prophecies. While the Tanakh is sacred to Jews, it is also an important text for Christians, as it contains many of the stories that are retold in the New Testament.

For example, the narratives of Adam and Eve, Noah’s Ark, and the Exodus from Egypt can all be found in both the Tanakh and the Christian Bible. Consequently, the Tanakh provides a great deal of insight into the origins of Judaism and Christianity.

Difference between Torah and Tanakh

The Torah is the central text of Judaism, and it consists of the Five Books of Moses. The Tanakh, on the other hand, is the Hebrew Bible and it includes the Torah as well as other books that were written by prophets and priests. While the Torah is essential to Judaism, the Tanakh is also an important part of Jewish tradition. Both texts are revered for their religious and historical significance, and they provide Jews with a guide for living a moral and virtuous life.


The Torah and Tanakh are two important religious texts that contain a wealth of information about Judaism. While they share some similarities, there are also key differences between the two. By understanding these distinctions, you can gain a better understanding of this important religion and its history.

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