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Difference between Transcription and Translation

Difference between Transcription and Translation


When you think of translation, you may think of a translator sitting in a dim room, typing away at a translation book. This is not always the case – many times, translations are done electronically, with no book in sight. However, when most people think of transcription, they imagine someone speaking into a microphone and having their words typed out on paper. Although both translation and transcription are important aspects of the language industry, there are some key differences between the two services. Let’s take a closer look at what makes these two services unique.

What is Transcription?

Transcription is the process of converting audio or video recordings into written text. Transcription services are used by individuals and businesses to convert speeches, interviews, podcasts, and other recorded audio files into written documents. Transcription can be either verbatim, which includes all speech including filler words such as “um” and “ah,” or edited, which excludes nonverbal communication and distractions. Transcription services often use specialized software to transcribe audio files, though some transcriptionists prefer to transcribe audio manually. Transcription is a useful tool for recording meetings, lectures, and other important events. Transcription can also be used to create accessible content for deaf or hard of hearing individuals.

What is Translation?

Translation is the process of converting one written language into another. It is a highly skilled task that requires both a deep understanding of the source language and the ability to fluently express oneself in the target language. Translation is not simply a matter of word-for-word substitution, but rather an art that involves conveying the meaning and style of the original text while taking into account the cultural context and the needs of the target audience. As such, it is a complex and challenging task that can only be performed by experienced professionals.

Difference between Transcription and Translation

Transcription and translation are two key processes in the field of molecular biology. Transcription is the process of copying a strand of DNA into RNA, while translation is the process of converting an RNA sequence into a protein. Both transcription and translation are necessary for the production of proteins. Transcription must occur first in order for translation to take place. Translation is a more complex process than transcription, as it requires the use of ribosomes, tRNA molecules, and amino acids. Transcription can be considered the first step in gene expression, as it produces the RNA template that will be used in translation. Translation is the final step in gene expression, as it converts the RNA template into a functional protein. Transcription and translation are both essential processes in cell function and play key roles in gene expression.


In order to understand the difference between transcription and translation, it is important to first understand what each process entails. Transcription is the conversion of spoken language into written text, while translation is the conversion of written text from one language into another. Both processes are necessary for accurate communication across languages, but they serve different purposes. Transcription ensures that the original message is preserved accurately, while translation allows for communication between people who speak different languages.

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