Difference between Horticulture and Agriculture

Horticulture vs. Agriculture

Difference between Horticulture and Agriculture: – Cultivating the land is an activity as old as necessary for humans to survive. We have depended on crops since the Stone Age. In this sense, we have agriculture and horticulture; two different ways of cultivating, but how are they different?

If you do not know the difference between horticulture and agriculture or want a little more information about it, continue reading; because then we explain everything you need to know about this topic.

Difference between Agriculture and Horticulture


Agriculture refers to the activity of planting crops to obtain other products or to use them as food. It should be mentioned that this activity is large scale and includes other activities such as irrigation, work with animals, weeding and farming.

Agriculture provides people with basic necessities such as food and shelter, since some crops such as cotton produce fabrics and others such as sugar cane, derived products of daily consumption. Even paper production depends on agriculture.

On the other hand, horticulture is a category within agriculture; therefore, it is a way of cultivating the land but on a much smaller scale.

Unlike agriculture, in the case of horticulture, hundreds or thousands of acres of land are not required; but is an activity that is usually limited to the orchard or patio of the house. Horticulture is important too, but it is more limited to the domestic and individual context. Finally, horticulture may include gardening and caring for plants and, as is done on a smaller scale is much cheaper than agriculture.