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Differences between Tamil and Malayalam

Differences between Tamil and Malayalam

Malayalam and Tamil are two of the most spoken languages in India. While they share a lot of similarities, there are also some distinct differences between the two. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at some of the key differences between Malayalam and Tamil. Stay tuned for more!

What is Tamil?

Tamil is a Dravidian language spoken mainly in Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in India, Pakistan, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, South Africa, Canada, the United States, and New Zealand.

  • Tamil is also an official language of Singapore and Mauritius. It is one of the twenty-two scheduled languages of India and was the first Indian language to be declared a classical language by the Government of India in 2004.
  • Tamil is one of the oldest living languages in the world with a history dating back to around 300 BCE. Tamil literature has been developed over the centuries and Tamil poets have contributed significantly to Tamil grammar and vocabulary.
  • The Tamil alphabet consists of 12 vowels and 18 consonants. Tamil has a rich literary tradition and there are many Tamil newspapers and magazines published today. In addition to being spoken as a first language by the Tamil people, it is also used as a second language by speakers of other languages in Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka.

Tamil is also spoken by minorities in other parts of India, specifically in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, and Gujarat. There are also Tamil-speaking communities in Malaysia, Mauritius, South Africa, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, and Singapore. According to some estimates, there are more than 70 million native speakers of Tamil worldwide.

What is Malayalam?

Malayalam is a language spoken in India, primarily in the state of Kerala. It is also spoken in the neighboring states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Malayalam is a member of the Dravidian family of languages, which also includes Tamil, Telugu, and Kannada. Malayalam is closely related to Tamil, and the two languages are often mutually intelligible. Malayalam has its own script, which is derived from the Grantha alphabet. Malayalam is the official language of Kerala, and it is also one of the 22 scheduled languages of India.

Differences between Tamil and Malayalam

Tamil and Malayalam are two languages spoken in southern India. Though they are both Dravidian languages, Tamil and Malayalam developed independently of each other over a period of time. As a result, Tamil and Malayalam share some common features, but there are also some significant differences between the two languages.

  • One major difference between Tamil and Malayalam is the way in which they are written. Tamil uses a script that is derived from Brahmi, while Malayalam uses a script that is derived from Grantha.
  • Tamil also has a richer literary tradition than Malayalam; Tamil literature dates back to the Sangam period, while the earliest examples of Malayalam literature date back to the 13th century.
  • Another difference between Tamil and Malayalam is the way in which they are spoken. Tamil has more high-level prestige varieties than Malayalam; in Tamil, there is a distinction between ‘spoken Tamil’ and ‘literary Tamil’, while in Malayalam, there is no such distinction. Additionally, Tamil employs more vowel length distinctions than Malayalam.

Though Tamil and Malayalam are both derived from the same language family, they have developed distinctively from one another over time. These differences can be seen in their writing systems, their literary traditions, and the way in which they are spoken.

Conclusion

Tamil and Malayalam are two of the most commonly spoken languages in India. Though they share a lot of similarities, there are also some key differences between the two. If you’re looking to learn one or both of these languages, it’s important to understand what those differences are. We hope this article has helped give you a good overview of the major distinctions between Tamil and Malayalam.

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