Since gaining independence from Sudan in 2011, South Sudan has been plagued by civil war and political instability. In December of 2017, the president of South Sudan was forced to resign after protests erupted over his handling of the economy. This is just one example of the many differences between Sudan and South Sudan. Here are three other key differences.
What is Sudan?
Sudan is a country located in northeastern Africa. Sudan is the largest country on the African continent, and it is home to a diverse population of over 30 million people. Sudan has a long history, and it was once a major center of trade and culture in the region. Sudan is also home to some of Africa’s most iconic wildlife, including lions, elephants, and rhinos. Sudan is a fascinating country with much to offer visitors. Whether you’re interested in its history, culture, or wildlife, Sudan is sure to have something that will pique your interest.
What is South Sudan?
South Sudan is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa. The country is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest. South Sudan became an independent state on July 9, 2011, after seceding from Sudan. South Sudan has a population of over 12 million people and an area of 619,745 square kilometers. The capital and largest city is Juba. South Sudan is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development. The economy of South Sudan is largely reliant on agriculture and oil production.
Differences between Sudan and South Sudan
Sudan is located in northeastern Africa and is bordered by the Red Sea, Egypt, Libya, Chad, the Central African Republic, South Sudan, and Ethiopia. With an area of approximately 1 million square miles, Sudan is the third largest country in Africa.
- Sudan has a population of approximately 40 million people, making it the 37th most populous country in the world. The capital of Sudan is Khartoum. Sudan’s economy is primarily based on agriculture. Sudan’s main exports are livestock, sorghum, cotton, peanuts, and sesame seeds.
- South Sudan is located in northeastern Africa and shares borders with Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Congo, and the Central African Republic. With an area of approximately 640 thousand square miles, South Sudan is the 54th largest country in Africa.
- South Sudan has a population of approximately 12 million people, making it the 108th most populous country in the world. The capital of South Sudan is Juba. South Sudan’s economy is also primarily based on agriculture. The main exports from South Sudan are coffee, timber, and beef.
Sudan and South Sudan are two very different countries. Although they share some similarities, such as their rich culture and history, there are many distinctions between the two nations. The separation of Sudan into North and South was a long process that led to years of conflict. Today, the two countries remain divided by politics, resources, and ethnicity.