Doctors may prescribe selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) to treat depression. Both of these types of medications are antidepressants, but they work in different ways. SSRIs increase the amount of serotonin in the brain, while SNRIs increase the amount of both serotonin and norepinephrine. Some people respond better to one type of medication than the other. It is important to talk to your doctor about which antidepressant is right for you.
What are SSRIs?
SSRIs are a type of antidepressant medication. They are thought to work by increasing levels of serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that plays a role in mood and emotion. SSRIs are the most commonly prescribed type of antidepressant. They are generally considered effective and have fewer side effects than other types of antidepressants. SSRIs are used to treat depression, anxiety, and some other mental health conditions. Common SSRIs include Fluoxetine (Prozac), Sertraline (Zoloft), and Escitalopram (Lexapro).
What are SNRIs?
SNRIs are a type of antidepressant that works by increasing levels of two neurotransmitters in the brain, serotonin, and norepinephrine. This increase in neurotransmitters helps to relieve symptoms of depression, such as sadness, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating. SNRIs are typically used when other types of antidepressants, such as SSRIs, have not been effective.
Some common SNRIs include venlafaxine (Effexor) and desvenlafaxine (Pristiq). SNRIs are generally well-tolerated, but they can cause side effects such as nausea, dry mouth, and insomnia. If you are considering taking an SNRI, it is important to discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
Differences between SSRIs and SNRIs
SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) and SNRIs (serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors) are two types of antidepressants. Both SSRIs and SNRIs work by increasing levels of serotonin in the brain. SSRIs are the most commonly prescribed type of antidepressant. SSRIs are thought to be more effective than SNRIs, but they can also cause more side effects. SNRIs are sometimes used when SSRIs are not effective. SSRIs are generally considered to be safer than SNRIs.
SSRIs and SNRIs are both types of antidepressants, but they work in different ways. SSRIs affect serotonin levels in the brain, while SNRIs affect both serotonin and norepinephrine levels. Some people respond better to one type of antidepressant than another.