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Differences between Sanskrit and Hindi

Differences between Sanskrit and Hindi

There are many languages spoken in India, but the two most commonly used are Sanskrit and Hindi. Though they share some similarities, there are also many differences between these two languages. Let’s take a closer look at some of the key distinctions between Sanskrit and Hindi.

What is Sanskrit?

Sanskrit is an ancient language that was spoken in India for thousands of years. Sanskrit is a member of the Indo-European family of languages, which includes English, Spanish, and Russian. Sanskrit is also the root language for many modern Indian languages, such as Hindi and Bengali. Sanskrit is a very precise and logical language, and it has been used for centuries for religious texts and philosophical works. Sanskrit is also the language of yoga, and many yoga terms are still used in Sanskrit today. Sanskrit is no longer spoken as a first language, but it is still studied by scholars and used in religious ceremonies.

What is Hindi?

Hindi is the primary language spoken in India and is also one of the 22 scheduled languages of the country. Hindi is written in the Devanagari script, which is also used for writing Sanskrit, Marathi, Nepali, and a number of other languages.

Hindi is closely related to Urdu, which is the national language of Pakistan. Hindi speakers can be found in all parts of India, as well as in countries like Nepal, Bangladesh, South Africa, Fiji, and Mauritius.

Hindi literature dates back to the 13th century and includes works like the great epic Ramayana. Today, Hindi films are popular around the world, and Hindi songs often top the charts in India. Hindi is a living language that continues to evolve, and there are estimated to be over 500 million Hindi speakers worldwide.

Differences between Sanskrit and Hindi

Sanskrit and Hindi are two closely related languages. Sanskrit is the older of the two, and it was the language of ancient India.

  • Sanskrit is a classical language, and it has been widely studied by scholars. Hindi is the more modern of the two languages, and it developed from Sanskrit.
  • Hindi is spoken by the majority of people in India, and it is also one of the official languages of India.
  • Sanskrit and Hindi have many similarities, but there are also some significant differences.
  • For example, Sanskrit has a more complex grammatical structure, and it includes several laryngeal consonants that are not found in Hindi.
  • Sanskrit also has a different script than Hindi. In addition, Sanskrit vocabulary includes many words that are not used in Hindi.

Despite these differences, Sanskrit and Hindi are both important languages in India.


Although Sanskrit and Hindi are very similar, there are some key differences between the two languages. The grammar of both languages is quite complex, but there are more verb forms in Sanskrit and more noun classes in Hindi. Additionally, the pronunciation of words is different in each language, as well as the meaning of certain words. However, with a little practice, you should be able to understand and speak either language quite easily.

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