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Differences between Punjabi and Gujarati

Differences between Punjabi and Gujarati

There are many languages spoken in India, but two of the most commonly spoken ones are Punjabi and Gujarati. While they share some similarities, there are also some key differences between the two. This blog post will explore some of those differences.

What is Punjabi?

Punjabi is a language spoken by inhabitants of the Punjabi region. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and is also recognized as a provincial language in Pakistan. Punjabi is the 10th most spoken language in the world with approximately 100 million native speakers. The Punjabi alphabet is derived from the Sanskrit alphabet and has a total of 35 letters. Punjabi grammar is very similar to that of Hindi and other Indo-Aryan languages. Punjabi vocabulary also contains many loanwords from Persian, Arabic, and English. Punjabi literature is rich and varied, with works ranging from medieval poetry to modern novels. Punjabi culture is also very vibrant, with traditional music and dance being an important part of Punjabi life.

What is Gujarati?

Gujarati is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat. It is a member of the Gujarati-Kathiawadi branch of the Western Indo-Aryan languages. Gujarati is descended from Old Gujarati (circa 1100–1500 CE). In India, Gujarati is spoken in the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. Gujarati is the 26th most spoken native language in the world. Gujarati has its own writing system, which includes two major dialects: Standard Gujarati and Gujarati Bolis. Gujarati is written in a script derived from Devanagari. Gujarati literature includes texts in poetry, prose, and drama. Gujarati has been influenced by Sanskrit, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali and Kannada.

Differences between Punjabi and Gujarati

Punjabi and Gujarati are two of the many languages spoken in India. Punjabi is mainly spoken in the Punjab region, while Gujarati is mainly spoken in the Gujarat region. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language, while Gujarati is a Dravidian language.

  • Punjabi has many loanwords from Persian and Arabic, while Gujarati has loanwords from Sanskrit and Hindi. Punjabi is written in the Gurmukhi script, while Gujarati is written in the Devanagari script.
  • Punjabi has three dialects: Majhi, Doabi, and Malwai. Gujarati has four dialects: Standard Gujarati, Kharwa Gujarati, Garasiya Gujarati, and Adivasi Gujarati. Punjabi cuisine includes dishes such as tandoori chicken and aloo gobi, while Gujarati cuisine includes dishes such as dhokla and kadhi.
  • Punjabi music includes genres such as bhangra and qawwali, while Gujarati music includes genres such as raas and Garba. Punjabi literature includes works such as Heer Ranjha and Mirza Sahiba, while Gujarati literature includes works such as Nandshankar Mehta and Dayaram. Punjabi culture includes festivals such as Baisakhi and Lohri, while Gujarati culture includes festivals such as Uttarayan and Navratri.


Although Punjabi and Gujarati are both Indo-Aryan languages, they have several differences. For one, the scripts used to write these languages are different. The Punjabi script is written in the Gurmukhi alphabet, while Gujarati uses a variant of the Devanagari alphabet. Additionally, there are pronunciation differences between the two languages; for example, the “ch” sound is pronounced differently in Punjabi and Gujarati. Finally, the vocabulary of these languages also differs somewhat. However, despite these differences, speakers of Punjabi and Gujarati can generally understand each other quite well.

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