# Differences between Future Value and Present Value

There are several financial concepts that are important to understand, and two of them are future value and present value. These concepts may seem very similar, but there is a big difference between the two. In this blog post, we will explore the differences between future value and present value so you can better understand which one is right for your specific situation.

Contents

## What is Future Value?

Future Value is the value of an asset at a specific point in the future. The future value of an asset is determined by the rate of return that the asset generates and the length of time that the asset is held for. Future value is important for investors to understand as it is one of the key factors that determine how much money an investment will be worth over time. Future value can also be used to calculate the present value of an asset, which is the current value of an asset given its future value and the interest rate. Future value is a powerful tool that can be used to make financial decisions, and it is important for investors to understand how it works.

## What is Present Value?

The term “present value” refers to the current value of an asset or liability. In other words, it is the amount that would need to be invested today in order to have a certain future value. For example, if you wanted to have \$1,000 in five years’ time, you would need to invest \$800 today at 5% interest. The present value is therefore \$800. Calculating present value is a useful tool in financial planning, as it can help you to determine how much you need to save in order to achieve a certain goal. It can also be used to compare different investment opportunities, as it takes into account the time value of money.

## Differences between Future Value and Present Value

Future Value (FV) is the value of a cash flow at a specific future date. Future Value is often used to measure the potential return on investment. Present Value (PV) is the current value of a cash flow. Present Value is often used to measure the affordability of a future cash flow.

• Future Value takes into account the time value of money, which states that money has a different value at different points in time. Future Value takes into account interest rates and compound interest.
• Present Value does not take into account the time value of money or interest rates. Future Value is often used in retirement planning and investment planning. Present Value is often used in affordability analysis and tax planning.
• Future Value is measured in dollars and cents. Present Value is measured as a percentage or a fraction. Future Value can be positive or negative. Present Value can only be positive.

future value can be found using a financial calculator or spreadsheet function. present value can be found using a financial calculator or spreadsheet function. future value can be found using a formula: FV = PV (1 + i)^n .

present value can be found using a formula: PV = FV / (1 + i)^n . future value is the Future Amount multiplied by (1+i)^n. PresentValueis the Future Amount divided by (1+i)^n. future value = \$100 x (1+.03)^5 . PresentValue = \$100 / (1+.03)^5 . future value = \$100 x 1.157625 .PresentValue = \$86.11

## Conclusion

The difference between future value and present value can be confusing, but it’s important to understand the difference when making financial decisions. By understanding how future value and present value are calculated, you can make more informed choices about your money. Have you ever had to make a decision about whether to take an immediate payout or wait for a larger sum of money in the future? If so, knowing the difference between future value and present value was key in making that decision. Understanding these concepts is essential for anyone looking to save money or invest in their future.

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