Also known as Sport-Boules, Boule Lyonnais is different in many ways. She was elevated to the rank of sport in 1850, and has her own world championship. For some, this is partly due to the fact that the grounds have gradually moved into sports stadiums, which has brought them closer to the middle of the competition…
Born in the eighteenth century in Lyon, Sport-Boule was officially codified in 1927 by the National Union of Boules Federations and now has an international reputation.
The game of petanque, of Provencal origin, is a derivative, itself from the Boule Lyon and strongly practiced in the south of France. Arriving in the nineteenth century, this discipline has gradually moved away from the Boule Lyon and the Provencal Game to take an identity of its own in La Cotati. One day in 1907, a Provencal Game champion decided to draw a circle and stay there instead of running because of rheumatism (hence its name comes from the Provençal PED : feet and tankan : planted). If you want to practice, do not hesitate: there are more than 2000 sports associations of Sport-Boules through the different French departments! More info on this website of the Federation of Sport-Boules.
The petanque will become the one we know and practice willingly during the holidays. The 1st official petanque competitions will take place 3 years later, and it will be declared “elite sport” in 2005.
The equipment used
Smooth or striated, the Lyon ball is padded and made of bronze. It is chosen according to the size of the player’s hand and his strength.
The petanque ball is generally made of steel and a little lighter than its Sport-Boule counterpart. Unlike the latter, melted in a single block in a mold containing a core, the petanque ball is usually made of two hemispheres welded together. However, some models also consist of a single block.
The jack used for Boule is usually boxwood, totally smooth, just like for it.
On which ground do we play?
The rules of Boule being very precise, its ground or “frame” is delimited accordingly. It measures exactly 27.50 m long and 2.5 to 4 m wide and is divided into three main zones: a central rectangle of 12.50 m long in which the player rolls his ball, and at each end two spaces each measuring 5 meters long: the 1st where the player takes a run to start the 2nd where the goal is.
Lyonnais ball court
For its part, can be practiced on all types of undefined terrain, including rugged terrain (the fact that the player is still and the lighter balls require much smaller ground than for the Boule.However, it has been established that the grounds used in competition must meet the standard of 15 meters long and 4 meters wide.
What are the rules of the game?
The goal of the game is to place the maximum of balls near the goal, also called “cap”, “small” or “jack”.
The two disciplines can be played one-on-one, doublets, triplets or even quadrates for the Boule Lyonnais. The players will start their balls in turn, starting with the team that started the goal, “pointing” or “shooting” as they want to place one of their balls or chase an opponent. The closest ball of the goal the opposing balls are counted as points, and the 2nd leads (or party) takes the other way on the ground.
If these two disciplines are similar globally, the Ball Lyonnais nevertheless goes further and has additional rules very specific in shooting and scoring balls: the roulette, the pointed ball that makes more than 1.50 m coconut or opposing balls, and the “roulette” which falls more than 50 cm from the lens, are for example prohibited. The player has an area 7.5 meters in length to gain momentum to the foot of the foot, where he must throw his ball, and the games are played in 11 or 18 points.
The Paranaque being more quickly accessible, its rules were simplified: free choice of terrain, shooter immobile and feet together in a circle drawn on the ground of 35 to 50 cm in diameter. The games are played in 13 points.
Where and how to practice?
There are 2 styles of licenses for the Sport-Boules: the Leisure License, for those who wish to practice for their pleasure, and the Competition License for players who wish to take part in the competitions and qualifiers that lead to the championship of France. This discipline can be practiced both indoors and outdoors, on specialized courses.