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Difference between White Pepper and Black Pepper

Difference between White Pepper and Black Pepper

Different types of peppers can be used in cooking, but what’s the difference between white pepper and black pepper? Both are spices made from the fruit of a pepper plant, but they have different colors, flavors, and uses. Let’s take a closer look at these two popular spices.

What is White Pepper?

White pepper is the ripened berry of the vine Piper nigrum that is then harvested, dried, and ground. White pepper gets its name from the white hue of the inner seed once the dark outer shell has been removed. White pepper is used as a spice and has a distinctively different flavor than black pepper due to its high essential oil content. White pepper is popular in European cuisine while black pepper is more popular globally. White pepper is also considered to have medicinal properties and has been used to treat digestive issues, joint pain, and even cancer. While white pepper is not as widely available as black pepper, it can be found in most grocery stores.

What is Black Pepper?

Black pepper is a flowering vine that is native to tropical regions around the world. The small, dark berries of the pepper plant are used as a spice and seasoning agent. Black pepper is one of the most popular spices in the world, and it is used in a variety of cuisines. Black pepper has a sharp, pungent flavor that can add depth and dimension to both savory and sweet dishes. The spice can also be used to add heat to food. Black pepper is available fresh, dried, or ground. It is also a common ingredient in spice blends and rubs. Black pepper can be used to season meats, vegetables, soups, stews, salad dressings, and sauces. It can also be used as a garnish or to add flavor to baked goods.

Difference between White Pepper and Black Pepper

  • White pepper and black pepper come from the same plant, but they are harvested at different times and processed in different ways. Black pepper is made from the unripe berries of the pepper plant. The berries are cooked and then dried, resulting in a wrinkled, dark brown, or black fruit. White pepper is made from the ripe berries of the pepper plant.
  • The berries are soaked in water to loosen their skins, then they are cleaned and dried. White peppercorns are smaller and more delicate than black peppercorns, and they have a milder, more complex flavor. When used in cooking, white pepper is often used to add a hint of spice without changing the color of the dish. Black pepper is more commonly used as it has a sharper, more pungent flavor.


The next time you are cooking a meal, consider using white pepper instead of black pepper. You may be surprised at the difference in taste!

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