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Difference between VAT and GST

Difference between VAT and GST

When it comes to taxes, there are a few things that can be confusing for people. Two of the most common types of taxes are VAT and GST. Many people don’t know the difference between the two, or what they actually are. In this blog post, we will discuss the difference between VAT and GST, as well as some of the similarities and differences between the two taxes. We will also provide some examples so that you can understand them better. At the end of this post, you should have a good understanding of both VAT and GST, and be able to determine which one is best for your business.

What is VAT?

VAT stands for Value Added Tax, and it is a way of taxing goods and services. VAT is almost always collected by the supplier of the goods or services, who then passes on the VAT amount to the government. VAT can be a flat rate across all products, or based on different product categories or classes. It is important to understand VAT in order to determine what you are really paying during each purchase transaction. Ultimately, VAT helps ensure that businesses and governments pay taxes fairly according to their earnings from the sale of goods and services.

What is GST?

GST, or Goods and Services Tax, is a type of indirect tax that is based on the “supply chain” of products and services. GST is applied to the sale or provision of most goods and services in India and allows businesses to claim GST credits. GST replaces multiple indirect taxes previously levied on different business transactions with a single unified tax system.

GST makes it easier for businesses to comply with the existing indirect tax system by providing them with a more coordinated structure for taxation. The purpose of GST is to make it simpler for the government to collect one combined value of an overall taxable transaction than several separate taxes collected at different points in the supply chain process.

Difference between VAT and GST

  • VAT and GST are two different kinds of taxes and both have the common goal of ensuring that businesses collect taxes on behalf of their respective governments. VAT is a Value Added Tax, where businesses add the tax to goods and services at each step in the production process, while GST is a Goods and Services Tax, where the government applies tax directly to consumers when they purchase products.
  • VAT is collected at each stage of the supply chain while GST is collected by the retailer when they sell goods or services to customers. VAT has a cumulative effect, meaning that VAT increases as you progress throughout the production supply chain, while GST has a single point of taxation at the final sale to customers.
  • In most countries, VAT rates differ from GST rates. VAT rates can vary from 0-25%, whereas GST rates tend to range from 0-15%. Though VAT and GST are similar methods for taxing consumers for goods and services, there are fundamental differences in how these taxes are applied and collected.


The biggest difference between Value-Added Tax (VAT) and Goods and Services Tax (GST) is that VAT is charged on the final value of a product, while GST is charged at each stage of production. This means that businesses collecting GST have to keep track of every transaction and charge the correct amount of tax at every step. For consumers, this can mean a more complicated checkout process, as they may need to calculate how much tax they’ve paid on individual items. Ultimately, which tax system your business uses will depend on a number of factors, including the country you’re based in and the products you sell.

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