Difference between Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes vs Type 2 Diabetes

Difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes: – Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism that occurs due to improper use of glucose in the body. The body uses glucose with the help of insulin that is secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas, a glandular organ. The d IABETES is produced under two conditions, insulin deficiency and resistance to it. Depending on these conditions the type of diabetes is determined.

Difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes

According to the American Diabetes Association, this disease is classified into 3 types; But then we will focus on two of the most common, therefore, we will clarify what is the difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes type 1
Type 1 diabetes is registered in 5-10% of patients with diabetes worldwide. Among its main causes are problems in the immune system. A failure in such a system can cause the body to develop an autoimmune mechanism that affects pancreatic cells, decreasing insulin production.

Insulin controls the use and amount of glucose in the body. An insulin insufficiency leading to sequentially increased level of blood glucose. D IABETES type 1 commonly affects teenagers, i.e., usually appears in adolescence. Some obvious symptoms of type 1 diabetes include weight loss, excessive hunger, increased thirst, polyuria (urinating frequently), abnormal reduction of saliva (xerostomia), blurred vision, fatigue, nausea, and vomiting tendencies.

Among the factors considered as triggers of this type of diabetes are environmental ones such as poor diet, as well as genetic predisposition, cells affected by certain viruses, among others. Within this category there are other subcategories: type 1a diabetes, which is latent autoimmune diabetes of the adult (also called LADA) and type 1 diabetes of idiopathic character.

In the case of 1a, the body’s immune system becomes hyperactive and mistakenly identifies beta cells as invasive cells. T cells, especially the CD4 and CD8 immune system; assume the role of opposing and leading to a pathogenic reflex by intruding pancreatic islets and destroying beta cells. Prolonged destruction of insulin-producing cells leads to insulin deficiency in the body.

This type of diabetes can be detected by a laboratory test. Type 1a diabetes is treated with medication; however, it also sometimes requires insulin replacement therapy. On the other hand, type 1 diabetes is treated with regular medical treatment and monitoring of blood sugar and ketone in the bloodstream; As well as an adequate and supervised diet.

The most common treatments include injectable insulin or an insulin pump that introduces this substance into the body in an artificial way. This substance cannot be dispensed with since it is an essential element in maintaining a balanced metabolism.

Type 2 diabetes

This is the most common form of diabetes that has been reported in diabetic patients. It represents between 90-95% of the total cases of diabetes. When what happen are an insulin resistance and not a deficiency of insulin, we are talking about type 2 diabetes. The majority of patients who suffer from it are due to genetic predisposition. These also tend to suffer from obesity.

Symptoms of this disease include frequent urination, increased thirst, excessive hunger, and disorders of the peripheral nervous system. Certain medications can also predispose people to type 2 diabetes. In addition to genetic factors, others that contribute to the onset of this disease are lack of physical exercise, low quality diet, prolonged stress, and other non-recommended lifestyles.

Treatment for type 2 diabetes includes regular monitoring of blood sugar and the level of ketone in the blood. Common medical care for this type of diabetes includes oral pills such as motorman, dietary control and other non-insulin dependent treatments. A controlled diet in which sugared drinks are minimized and more vegetables are eaten is essential for the prevention of type 2 diabetes.

High levels of glycerin for a long time can lead to other pathogenic disorders such as: nervous system disorders, cardiovascular disease, kidney failure (requiring dialysis treatment), and vision disorders due to damage to the retina.

In some cases, people with this type of diabetes require parallel medical attention to treat high blood pressure, excess blood lipids, and atherosclerosis. Appropriate medical care in cases of type 2 diabetes includes attention to cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

Key Differences between Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes

  • Type 1 diabetes is due to a drop in insulin in the body, while type 2 diabetes is caused by a resistance to this substance.
  • Type 1 diabetes is more common in adolescents, while type 2 diabetes occurs more often in adults.
  • Globally, type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1 diabetes.
  • Genetic factor plays a more important role in type 1 diabetes, whereas in type 2 diabetes (although the importance of genetics), environmental factors are more important.
  • Type 1 diabetes can be sudden or gradual, while type 2 diabetes is gradual.