difference between z

Difference between TEM and SEM

Difference between TEM and SEM

If you’re looking for a detailed, magnified view of the tiniest objects imaginable, you need an electron microscope. But if you want to see a three-dimensional image of a large object, you need a scanning electron microscope. So what’s the difference between transmission electron microscopy and SEM scanning electron? Let’s take a closer look.

What is TEM?

TEM is a powerful microscope that utilizes a beam of electrons to create an image of a specimen. TEM can produce high-resolution images of even the smallest structures, making it an invaluable tool for scientific research.

  • TEM works by passing a beam of electrons through a specimen. The electrons interact with the atoms in the specimen, causing them to scatter in different directions.
  • These scattered electrons are then collected by a detector, which produces an image of the specimen. TEM can provide scientists with crucial information about the structure and composition of materials at the atomic level.
  • TEM images can also be used to study chemical reactions, crystal growth, and other processes at the nanoscale. TEM is an essential tool for understanding the building blocks of matter and advancing scientific knowledge.

What is SEM?

SEM scanning electron microscope is a type of microscope that uses a focused beam of electrons to examine the surface of a specimen. The electrons interact with the atoms in the specimen, causing them to emit secondary electrons. These secondary electrons are then detected and used to construct an image of the surface. SEMs can be used to examine a wide variety of specimens, including metals, semiconductors, and biological samples. SEMs are often used in conjunction with other microscopes, such as optical or transmission electron microscopes, to provide a more complete picture of the specimen.

Difference between TEM and SEM

TEM and SEM are two of the most popular methods for characterizing materials at the nanoscale. TEM, or Transmission Electron Microscopy, works by using a beam of electrons to create an image of a sample.

  • The electrons are transmitted through the sample, and their path is affected by the atoms in the sample. This information is then used to create an image of the sample.
  • In contrast, SEM, or Scanning Electron Microscopy, uses a focused beam of electrons to scan the surface of a sample. The electrons interact with the atoms on the surface of the sample, and this information is used to create an image.
  • TEM is more commonly used to characterize thin samples, while SEM can be used to characterize both thin and thick samples. TEM is also generally more expensive and requires more specialized equipment than SEM. However, TEM offers higher resolution than SEM, making it essential for many applications.


Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) are both types of electron microscopes that use a beam of electrons to image objects. The main difference between the two is how the images are created. TEM creates an image by projecting the electron beam through the sample, while SEM creates an image by bouncing the electron beam off of the surface of the sample. Both techniques have their advantages and disadvantages, so deciding which one to use depends on what you want to study and what type of equipment you have available.

Share this post

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on email