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Difference between TDS and Income Tax

Difference between TDS and Income Tax

In India, both TDS and income tax are important concepts to understand. While TDS is a form of indirect tax that is levied on income, income tax is a direct tax that is levied on an individual’s total income. In this blog post, we will discuss the difference between TDS and income tax in India, and highlight some of the key points you should know about each concept.

What is TDS?

TDS, or tax deducted at source, is a type of tax that is automatically withheld from certain payments and income sources. TDS is collected by the government and used to fund various public services, such as healthcare, education, and infrastructure. TDS can be either voluntary or mandatory, depending on the specific laws in place in different countries. TDS may also vary in amount depending on factors like the recipient’s income level or where they live. While TDS serves an important purpose in funding public services, it is also important to remember that every citizen has a duty to contribute their fair share to society through taxation.

What is Income Tax?

Income tax is a system in which individuals and corporations are taxed on their income or the money they earn over a given period of time. Income tax helps to fund various government services, such as healthcare, education, and public infrastructure. Income taxes may be levied by both federal and state governments, according to the laws of each country or state. Different kinds of income are taxed at different rates, depending on a number of factors including the individual’s occupation or field of work. Some people also qualify for certain exemptions or credits that help to reduce their total tax liability. Overall, income tax plays an important role in financing government services and helping to redistribute wealth within a society.

Difference between TDS and Income Tax

  • There are many different types of taxes that individuals and businesses are required to pay, including income tax and TDS. Although both of these taxes serve important purposes, they differ in a number of key ways.
  • Income tax is generally levied on the income earned by individuals or businesses and is calculated as a percentage of that income. TDS, or tax deducted at source, works in a slightly different way. It refers to the amount that is automatically deducted from an individual’s or business’s earnings and transferred directly to the government. This allows taxpayers to avoid paying large sums all at once at the end of the year, making it easier for them to manage their finances.
  • Another key difference between TDS and income tax is that each is collected by a different government agency. Income tax is collected by the IRS, while TDS falls under the jurisdiction of state tax authorities such as the California Franchise Tax Board or the Florida Department of Revenue. This means that taxpayers who owe money need to deal with two separate agencies, depending on which type of tax they owe.


In this blog post, we’ve outlined the difference between TDS and income tax. We hope that this information has been helpful in understanding these two important concepts.

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