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Difference between Tamil and Hindi

Difference between Tamil and Hindi

When it comes to the Tamil and Hindi languages, there are a few key differences that set them apart from one another. While both languages belong to the Indo-Aryan family, they have several distinct characteristics that make them unique. Here we take a look at some of the main differences between Tamil and Hindi.

What is Tamil?

Tamil is a language that is spoken by the Tamil people of southern India and Sri Lanka. It is one of the oldest languages in the world, and Tamil literature dates back to the 2nd century BCE. Tamil is a Dravidian language, and it is related to languages such as Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam. Tamil is one of the official languages of India and Sri Lanka, and it is also an official language of Singapore. Tamil is spoken by over 70 million people worldwide.

What is Hindi?

Hindi is the most widely spoken language in India, with over 425 million speakers. Hindi is a standardized register of the Hindustani language, which is itself a part of the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. Hindi is written in the Devanagari script and is one of the official languages of India, along with English.

Hindi is also one of the official languages of Fiji and is spoken by a significant minority in South Africa, Mauritius, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. Hindi has a long literary tradition and has been used in a variety of genres, including poetry, drama, short stories, and novels. Hindi is also the primary language of Bollywood cinema.

Difference between Tamil and Hindi

  • Tamil and Hindi are two of the most widely spoken languages in India. However, they have some notable differences. For one, Tamil is a Dravidian language while Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language. This means that they have different roots and word structures.
  • Tamil also has a more complex writing system than Hindi, with more than 12 different alphabets. In terms of grammar, Tamil has more flexibility than Hindi, with greater leeway for phrases and clauses to be rearranged.
  • Finally, Tamil words are often more concise than their Hindi counterparts. These differences can make Tamil a challenge for Hindi speakers to learn, but the effort is often worth it for the beautiful and richly expressive Tamil language.


Although Tamil and Hindi are both Indo-Aryan languages, they have some distinct differences. The grammar of the two languages is quite different, as is their vocabulary. Additionally, the writing systems for each language are unique. If you’re looking to learn one of these languages, it’s important to be aware of these distinctions.

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