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Difference between Surgery and Operation

Difference between Surgery and Operation

What’s the difference between surgery and an operation? You might think they’re one and the same, but there is a distinction. Both procedures are medical procedures, but surgery is typically more invasive. Operation is less invasive and can be done laparoscopically or even non-invasively with robotic assistance. So what’s the difference? Let’s take a closer look.

What is Surgery?

Surgery is a medical procedure that involves the removal or repair of body tissues. Surgery can be performed for a variety of reasons, including treating injuries, removing tumors, or correcting birth defects.

  • Surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia, which numbs the entire body and prevents the patient from feeling pain. The length of surgery varies depending on the type of procedure being performed.
  • Some surgeries, such as a tonsillectomy, can be completed in less than an hour. Others, such as open-heart surgery, can take several hours or even days to complete. Recovery from surgery also varies depending on the type of procedure.
  • Some patients may be able to go home the same day, while others may need to stay in the hospital for several days or weeks. Surgery is a vital tool in medicine that can save lives and improve the quality of life for patients.

What is Operation?

  • The operation, or surgical procedure, is an intervention in the treatment of disease or injury. It is an act of treating diseases or injuries by manual or instrumental means.
  • The main purpose of the operation is to correct the anatomical structures involved in the disease or injury or to remove the causative agent. Operation is usually performed by a team of surgeons, anesthesiologists, and nurses.
  • The success of an operation depends on the skill of the surgeon and the cooperation of the patient. Operation is a highly technical and demanding profession, requiring years of training and experience.

Difference between Surgery and Operation

Surgery is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of conditions that require operative or manual intervention.

  • Surgery can be performed for a variety of reasons, including correcting a deformity, removing a tumor, repairing an injury, or relieving pain.
  • An operation is a specific type of surgical procedure. Operations are usually categorized as elective (planned in advance) or emergency (performed in response to an immediate need).
  • Surgery is always performed by a trained medical professional, such as a surgeon, and often requires the use of anesthesia.
  • Recovery from surgery often takes place in a hospital setting, although some procedures may be performed on an outpatient basis.

Surgery carries certain risks, such as infection and hemorrhage, but these can typically be minimized through proper planning and execution.


Though the words surgery and operation are often used interchangeably, they have different meanings. A surgical procedure is a planned intervention that involves cutting into the body to treat an illness or injury. An operation, on the other hand, is any kind of treatment that is done to a patient while they are under anesthesia. When most people use these terms generically, they are referring to an operation. However, it’s important to be aware of the distinction in case you need to use them correctly in a medical context.

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