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Difference between State and Society

Difference between State and Society

In sociology and political science, the state and society are considered two separate concepts. The state is a government, the apparatus that holds power in a given territory. Society, on the other hand, refers to the relationships between people within that territory. While there is some overlap between these two concepts, they are not synonymous. This difference can be seen most clearly when we look at how each concept is studied.

The state is typically studied by political scientists, while society is studied by sociologists. This division reflects the different ways in which each group sees the world: political scientists focus on institutions and structures, while sociologists focus on social interaction and culture. In practice, of course, there is always some overlap between these two fields of study. But it is helpful to understand the fundamental differences between them in order to appreciate how they interact with one another.

What is State?

State refers to the physical or material conditions of something. In other words, it is the “stuff” that something is made of. State can also refer to the condition or phase that something is in. For example, water can exist in three different states: solid, liquid, or gas. State is also often used to describe the condition of a system or object. For example, a system can be in astable state, meaning it is not changing or undergoing any changes. An object can be in a damaged state if it has been physically harmed in some way. State is an important concept in many fields, such as physics, chemistry, and engineering.

What is Society?

Society is often thought of as a group of people who interact with each other. However, sociologists define society as a complex system of unequal relationships. Society is made up of individuals who are unequal in terms of their power, prestige, and property. These inequalities are institutionalized in the form of social organizations, such as the family, government, and education system.

Society is also stratified into distinct social classes, which are based on economic factors such as income, occupation, and education. In addition, society is organized into distinct ethnic and racial groups. Society is a complex system that is constantly changing. It is important to remember that society is not static; it is constantly evolving and adapting to new conditions.

Difference between State and Society

State and society are two different concepts. State refers to the institutions and apparatus of government, while society refers to the people who live in a particular country. While the state may enact laws and policies that affect society, it is ultimately society that determines whether or not these laws and policies are followed. This symbiotic relationship between state and society is necessary for a healthy democracy. State institutions provide structure and order, while civil society provides the foundation upon which these institutions are built. Without both state and society working together, democratic government would be impossible.


The difference between state and society is an important distinction to make when studying political science. It’s also helpful in understanding how our government works and the role of citizens within it. We hope this article has helped you understand the difference and given you a better grasp on these concepts.

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