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Difference between SQL and HQL

Difference between SQL and HQL

SQL and HQL are two different query languages used in database systems. Both have their own advantages and disadvantages, but which one is the best for you depends on your needs. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at the differences between SQL and HQL so that you can decide which one is the best fit for your project.

What is SQL?

SQL (Structured Query Language) is a database query language used for storing and retrieving data. SQL is the standard language for relational database management systems (RDBMS). SQL commands are used to perform operations on databases, such as retrieving data or modifying data. SQL commands are also used to create and drop databases. SQL is a declarative programming language, meaning that it specifies the desired result without specifying how to compute it. SQL can be used to query any type of data stored in a relational database.

SQL is not limited to a particular vendor or product; it is an industry-standard language. SQL has been standardized by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). SQL Is used by many different database products, including Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle Database, IBM DB2, and MySQL. SQL is easy to learn and use. It is a powerful tool for managing data in relational databases.

What is HQL?

HQL is short for Hibernate Query Language. HQL is a powerful query language that allows you to write HQL queries, which are translated by Hibernate into SQL queries that are then executed against your database. HQL queries can be used for a variety of purposes, including retrieving data from your database, updating data in your database, and deleting data from your database. HQL also supports a number of other features, such as polymorphism, inheritance, and association. HQL is an essential tool for any Hibernate developer, and it is recommended that you become familiar with it before beginning any Hibernate development project.

Difference between SQL and HQL

SQL and HQL are two popular query languages used in databases. SQL is a standard query language, while HQL is specific to the Hibernate framework. SQL is used to query relational databases, while HQL is used to query Hibernate’s object-oriented database. SQL queries are typically made up of commands such as ‘SELECT’, ‘INSERT’, and ‘UPDATE’, while HQL queries are typically made up of objects and properties. SQL uses a fixed schema, while HQL uses a dynamic schema. SQL commands are usually written in all uppercase, while HQL commands are usually written in lowercase. SQL is less prone to errors than HQL. Finally, SQL is much faster than HQL.


The main difference between SQL and HQL is that SQL is a standard query language used to interact with databases, while HQL is an object-oriented extension of Java that allows you to write queries in terms of objects and their properties. This makes HQL more intuitive for developers who are already familiar with Java, but it can also be less efficient than SQL when performing certain tasks. In general, though, the two languages are quite similar and can be used interchangeably in many cases.

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