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Difference between SHA 256 and SHA 1

Difference between SHA 256 and SHA 1

There are many different types of cryptography algorithms, and two of the most common ones are SHA 256 and SHA 1. Though they share a similar name, these algorithms have some key differences. In this blog post, we’ll take a closer look at those differences and explore how they can impact security. Stay tuned!

What is SHA 256?

SHA-256 is a detailed meaning of the Secure Hash Algorithm that was developed by the US National Security Agency. The algorithm was first published in 2001 in FIPS PUB 180-2 and has been included in many security protocols and standards since then, most notably SSL/TLS and IPSec. SHA-256 is considered to be more secure than its predecessor, SHA-1, as it is less susceptible to collision attacks. The algorithm produces a digest (also known as a hash value) of 256 bits. This makes it more difficult for an attacker to modify data without being detected, as any change to the input will result in a change to the output. As a result, SHA-256 is often used for digital signatures and file integrity verification.

What is SHA 1?

SHA-1 is a cryptographic hash function designed by the United States National Security Agency and published by the United States Federal Information Processing Standard. SHA-1 produces a 160-bit (20-byte) hash value known as a message digest. A message digest is typically expressed as a hexadecimal number, 40 digits long. SHA-1 is no longer considered secure against well-funded opponents, and it has been deprecated by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) in favor of newer algorithms such as SHA-256. An initialism of Secure Hash Algorithm 1, SHA-1 was developed as part of the U.S. federal government’s Capstone project. The algorithm was developed by cryptographer Bruce Schneier and colleagues, who were then working for Counterpane Internet Security. It was published in 1995 in FIPS PUB 180-4 and included in a large number of Internet standards, most notably SSL/TLS security certificates. The algorithm has also been used in other applications such as digital signatures and file integrity verification. Despite its widespread adoption, SHA-1 has known weaknesses that can theoretically lead to collisions, where two different inputs produce the same hash value. In 2005, an example collision was found with MD5,

Difference between SHA 256 and SHA 1

SHA-256 and SHA-1 are both cryptographic hash functions. SHA-1 is older and was developed by the US government. It has since been found to be vulnerable to attack, which has led to its deprecation in favor of SHA-2. SHA-256 is one of the members of the SHA-2 family of hash functions. It is similar to SHA-1, but significantly more secure. Both algorithms produce a 160-bit message digest, but SHA-256 uses a larger message block size and permutes the message blocks differently. As a result, SHA-256 is more resistant to collision attacks than SHA-1. For these reasons, SHA-256 is the preferred hash function for cryptographic applications.


SHA-256 and SHA-1 are both cryptographic hash functions, but they use different algorithms. SHA-256 is the more recent function, and it is considered to be more secure than SHA-1. If you need to ensure the security of your data, you should use a function that uses the SHA-256 algorithm.

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