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Difference between RTF and DOC

Difference between RTF and DOC

There are a few main document formats that people use to create and share documents: RTF, DOC, and PDF. Each one has its own strengths and weaknesses. Let’s take a look at the difference between RTF and DOC.

What is RTF?

RTF, or Rich Text Format, is a file format that allows for the exchange of text between different word processors and devices. RTF files are based on the ASCII standard and use control codes to format the text. This means that RTF files can be read by most word processors, making it a versatile format for sharing documents. RTF files also support various features, such as bolding, italics, and underlining.

In addition, RTF files can be password-protected, making them ideal for sensitive information. While RTF files are not as widely used as some other formats, they offer a number of advantages that make them worth considering.

What is DOC?

DOC is a file format used by Microsoft Word. DOC files are typically saved in a binary format, which makes them smaller and more efficient to store than other file formats. DOC files can contain text, images, or both. They can also include formatting information, such as bold or italic text, or different fonts and font sizes. DOC files are compatible with most word processing programs, including Microsoft Word, Google Docs, and LibreOffice Writer. When DOC files are opened in a word processor, the user can edit the document just as they would any other document. DOC files can be password-protected to prevent unauthorized access, and they can also be encrypted for additional security.

Difference between RTF and DOC

  • RTF and DOC are two common file formats used for storing text documents. RTF stands for Rich Text Format, while DOC is short for Document. Both RTF and DOC files can be created and edited using a word processor, such as Microsoft Word. However, there are some key differences between these two formats. One key difference is that RTF files are much smaller in size than DOC files.
  • This is because RTF files only store the text of a document, without any associated formatting information.DOC files, on the other hand, store both the text and formatting information for a document. As a result, they are typically much larger in size than RTF files. Another key difference is that RTF files can be opened and edited by a variety of different programs, while DOC files can only be opened and edited by programs that specifically support the DOC format.
  • This means that RTF files are more widely compatible than DOC files. Finally, RTF files can be password-protected, while this is not possible with DOC files. Ultimately, whether to use an RTF or DOC file will depend on your specific needs. If you need to save space or ensure compatibility with other programs, then RTF is the better choice.


Although both RTF and DOC are used to store text-based documents, there are a few key differences between the two file types. RTF files tend to be smaller in size than DOC files, making them faster to send and easier to open on a variety of devices. However, DOC files offer more formatting options than RTF files. If you’re not sure which file type is right for your needs, consult with an IT specialist or software developer to help make the decision.

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