 # Difference between Resistance and Impedance When it comes to electrical circuits, there are a lot of terminologies that can be confusing for beginners. Two of the most confusing terms are “resistance” and “impedance.” Though they sound similar, these two concepts are actually quite different. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at the difference between resistance and impedance, and how each affects circuit performance. We’ll also discuss some applications where each type of resistance is used. By the end of this post, you’ll have a better understanding of these important electrical concepts!

Contents

## What is Resistance?

Resistance is the opposition to the flow of an electric current. The term originally referred to the resistance that a material offered to the passage of an electric current. In other words, it was the measure of a material’s ability to conduct electricity. Resistance occurs when electrons collide with atoms, impeding the flow of current. The amount of resistance depends on the number of collisions and how easily the electrons can move through the material. Some materials, such as metals, have very low resistance, while others, such as insulators, have very high resistance. Resistance is measured in ohms and is represented by the symbol R.

## What is Impedance?

Impedance is a measure of the opposition that a circuit offers to the passage of an electric current. The impedance of a circuit is usually represented by the letter Z. Impedance is composed of two components: resistance and reactance. Resistance is the measure of a material’s opposition to the flow of electric current. Reactance is the measure of a material’s opposition to changes in the electric current. Impedance is measured in ohms. impedance has units of ohms just like resistance impedance =sqrt(resistance^2+reactance^2) The impedance of a circuit can be affected by many factors, including the type and size of wire used, the length of the wire, and the presence of other materials in the circuit. Impedance can also be affected by frequency: higher frequencies will typically have higher impedances than lower frequencies. Impedance is an important factor in electronics because it determines how much energy is lost in a circuit as heat. In general, higher impedance circuits are more efficient than lower impedance circuits. Impedance is also a factor in safety: high impedance circuits are less likely to cause shock than low impedance circuits.

## Difference between Resistance and Impedance

Resistance and impedance are two concepts that are often used interchangeably, but there is a subtle difference between the two. Resistance is a measure of the opposition to the flow of electric current, whereas impedance is a measure of the opposition to the flow of both electric current and magnetic flux. In other words, resistance only takes into account the electrical properties of a material, while impedance takes into account both the electrical and magnetic properties. As a result, impedance is always greater than or equal to the resistance. This distinction is important to keep in mind when designing circuits, as the incorrect use of either term could lead to serious errors.

## Conclusion

In order to choose the right resistor for your circuit, you need to understand the difference between resistance and impedance. Impedance is a complex phenomenon that takes into account both the resistance and reactance of a component, while resistance is just a measure of how much opposition a component offers to the flow of current. By understanding these concepts, you can select the best resistor for your needs and ensure that your circuit operates as intended.