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Difference between Rat and Mouse

Difference between Rat and Mouse

Rat vs. Mouse

What is Difference between Rat and Mouse? Rats and mice are cofunded regularly because of their similar appearances, but despite the fact that many people confuse these animals; the truth is that it is a mistake to think that both are the same.

Difference between Rat and Mouse

Here’s what the difference is between rat and mouse, two animals that even belong to different genres and yet we are so similar.


Rats are rodents of medium or large size, usually described as the size of a dove. One of the characteristics that most distinguish them from mice is precisely this: their size. But they are also known for their pointed snout, long thin tail and deft fore feet.

Like mice, these rodents are found all over the world, in different environments and are mostly nocturnal.

They are feared and rejected by large numbers of people, because they often lead to deadly diseases. They played an important role in the spread of the bubonic plague throughout Europe. They are also known to damage and eat crops, as well as causing structural damage. In some parts of India , every fifty years, armies of rats descend into rural areas and devour everything on their way. Curious note : It is believed that in New York there are 4 times more rats than people.

There are many species of rats, including the Philippine rainforest rat, Himalayan field rat, rice field rat, rat exulans, palm rat, Malaysian field rat … however, of all; the most common are the brown rat or Norwegian rat and the black rat.


Mice are small mammals, about the size of a sparrow. They usually have a pointed snout, small rounded ears and a long, bare or almost hairless tail.

The best known species is the common house mouse, which is popular for invading homes in search of food and shelter. Mice are also very popular as pets.

They have succeeded in surviving by adapting to different conditions. They are found throughout the world in a wide variety of climates and environments. They are usually nocturnal, timid, social and territorial.

Sometimes mice can also damage crops by eating them; in addition, they can cause structural damage and spread diseases through their parasites and feces. There are many species of mice, including the common house mouse, the American white-footed mouse, Peromyscus maniculatus , Indian mouse field, mouse servant, Macedonian mouse, mouse toad, pygmy desert mouse …

Key differences between Rat and Mouse

  • The rats belong to the genus Rattus, while the mice belong to the genus Mus.
  • There are 65 known species of rats, while 30 different species are known from mice.
  • The most common rats are the black rat and the brown rat (Rattus Norvegicus), while the most familiar mouse type is the common house mouse (Mus Musculus).
  • The average life of the rats is 2-3 years, while that of the mice is 1.5-2.5 years.
  • The size of the rats ranges from 8 to 10 inches, while the size of the mice ranges from 2 to 4 inches.
  • The tail of the mice is shorter than that of the rats.
  • Rats can weigh up to 11 ounces, while mice can reach half an ounce.
  • Rats have large and wide snouts, while mice are characterized by their narrow snout.
  • Rats have small ears compared to their head, while mice have large ears.
  • Rats have small eyes, while mice have large eyes.
  • The average gestation period of the rats is 21 days, while that of the mice is usually 20.
  • Rats are omnivorous, while mice are especially herbivorous.
  • How are they viewed culturally?

Rats: bad, vicious, dirty, harmful. The first of the twelve animals of the Chinese zodiac. The vehicle of Ganesha in Indian mythology. Negative image in some works of HP Lovecraft.

Mice: cute, playful, adorable, affectionate, innocent. Mickey Mouse.

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