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Difference between PVD and CVD

Difference between PVD and CVD

Two very common types of coating processes are PVD and CVD. But what is the difference between the two? In this blog post, we will explore the differences between PVD and CVD coatings, and discuss which process may be best suited for your application.

What is PVD?

PVD is an acronym for Physical Vapor Deposition, and it is a process used to coat metal with a thin film of another material. PVD coatings are typically harder and more durable than the material they are coating, and they can improve the performance of the underlying metal in a number of ways.

  • For example, PVD coatings can increase wear resistance, improve corrosion resistance, or provide a better surface for paint or adhesive bonding. PVD coatings are also often used to improve the appearance of metals, by providing a lustrous finish or changing the color of the metal.
  • PVD coatings are applied in a vacuum chamber, where the metal is heated to a high temperature and then bombarded with ions of the coating material.
  • The resulting reaction produces a very thin film of coating material that is bonded to the surface of the metal. PVD coatings are used in a wide variety of industries, from jewelry-making to medical implants to cutting tools.

What is CVD?

CVD is a type of chemical vapor deposition. It is a process used to create thin films by depositing a material onto a substrate. CVD is typically performed in a chamber that contains the substrate, as well as a gas or vapor containing the reactant molecules.

The substrate is heated to a high temperature, which causes the reactant molecules to break down and deposit onto the surface. CVD can be used to create films of various materials, including metals, semiconductors, and insulators. CVD is an important fabrication technique for many electronic devices, as it can be used to create thin, uniform films with excellent properties.

Difference between PVD and CVD

PVD and CVD are two different types of diamond coatings. PVD is short for Physical Vapor Deposition, and CVD is short for Chemical Vapor Deposition. PVD coating is created by condensing a vapor onto a substrate, whereas CVD coating is created by chemically reacting gas molecules to deposit a layer onto a substrate. PVD coatings are typically thin and have a smooth surface, while CVD coatings can be thicker and have a rougher surface. PVD coatings are more durable than CVD coatings and can withstand higher temperatures, but CVD coatings can be deposited onto a wider range of materials.


The two main types of coatings are Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) and Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD). PVD coatings use a physical process to deposit the coating, while CVD coatings use a chemical reaction. Both processes have their own benefits and drawbacks, so it’s important to understand the difference before you make a purchase.

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