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Difference between OOP and Procedural Programming

Difference between OOP and Procedural Programming

Object-oriented programming (OOP) and procedural programming are two different ways of thinking about how to structure a computer program. Procedural programming is based on the idea that a program is a series of steps that are executed one after the other, while OOP is based on the idea that a program is a collection of objects that communicate with each other. In this article, we’ll discuss the key differences between these two paradigms and explore when each might be appropriate.

What is OOP?

OOP Object-Oriented Programming is a programming approach that focuses on using objects to design and implement programs. OOP views a program as a collection of objects that interact with each other to perform various tasks. Each object has its own data and methods, which are used to access and manipulate the data. OOP also allows for the reuse of code, which means that it is easier to create new programs using existing code. This makes OOP an efficient and powerful programming paradigm.

What is Procedural Programming?

Procedural Programming is a type of programming where programs are created using a step-by-step process. In Procedural Programming, each step is written as a separate procedure or function. These procedures can be executed in any order, depending on the needs of the program. Procedural Programming is often used for short programs or programs that do not require complex data structures. It is also easy to learn and use, making it a popular choice for beginners. However, Procedural Programming can be less efficient than other types of programming, and it can be difficult to create large programs using this method. As a result, Procedural Programming is often used in conjunction with other types of programming to create more complex applications.

Difference between OOP and Procedural Programming

OOP and Procedural Programming are two different programming paradigms. OOP, or Object-Oriented Programming, is a programming paradigm that is based on the concept of objects. These objects can contain data, as well as code that defines how the object behaves. OOP languages typically also support inheritance, which allows one object to inherit the properties of another object. Procedural programming, on the other hand, is a programming paradigm that is based on the concept of procedures, or “subroutines.”

These procedures are typically written as a sequence of instructions, and they are executed one after the other. However, procedural programming languages also support modularity, which allows programmers to break up their code into more manageable units. Both OOP and procedural programming have their advantages and disadvantages, and the choice of paradigm ultimately depends on the needs of the programmer.

Conclusion

Procedural programming is a style of programming in which the programmer specifies, step by step, how the computer should carry out a task. This can be contrasted with object-oriented programming (OOP), where the programmer creates self-contained objects that communicate with each other to achieve a goal. In procedural programming, everything is done within one big program; in OOP, smaller programs called classes are used to modularize code and make it easier to understand and maintain. There are pros and cons to both styles of programming – procedural code is often more efficient but can be difficult to follow, while OOP code is slower but easier to read and modify.

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