Oil vs. Natural Gas
What is Difference between Oil and Natural Gas? Today’s world works with fossil fuels. While measures are being taken to incorporate more renewable energy sources, such as solar or wind, most fossil fuel dominates the world. Coal, oil and natural gas are essential for modern life. Coal is by far the dirtiest of the three, in emissions and extraction methods. Oil and natural gas are moderately better. However, there are many differences between oil and natural gas.
Difference between Oil and Natural Gas
Description of oil and natural gas
- Oil refers to viscous liquid that is not soluble in water or alcohol. Includes edible oils as well as petrochemicals. The last one is the one that will be the subject of this article.
- Natural gas is a light, colorless, odorless substance made mainly of methane.
Origins of oil and natural gas
- The oil comes from the earth. It was created in millions of years by the pressure of organic substances. Nowadays there are n rocky and porous formations. Sometimes there are large open spaces that are filled with a sea of oil. It can also be found in sand traps, or a very difficult place to extract it from.
- Natural gas comes from several sources. Sometimes it is underground; it is also associated with oil fields. It can also be found in natural gas fields. It was also produced by natural processes of swamps, landfills and manure dumps.
Uses of oil and natural gas
- Oil when burned produces a concentrated flame. Therefore it is used to heat. It is also used for water heaters. When refined, oil is used as a power source in internal combustion engines of cars and trucks. A more crude refinement is used to generate power for electricity plants. Oil is also used as a lubricant.
- Natural gas is mostly used to power turbines that create electricity. It is also stored in pipes for household uses and for gas stoves and other domestic purposes. If it is stored and compressed it can be used to operate engines of cars converted to combustion.
Environmental impact of oil and natural gas
- Oil produces greenhouse gases and other chemicals when burned. An oil spill can be disastrous for the environment because it is very difficult to clean.
- Natural gas also produces greenhouse gases, but in less quantity than oil. When it is accidentally released into the environment, the gas is relatively benign but a concentrated amount can cause an explosion.
- Oil and natural gas are fossil fuels.
- Oil is found in the earth while gas can be produced by rotten organic matter.
- Oil and gas are used to heat, transport and generate electricity but in different ways.
- Gas is a little less harmful to the environment compared to oil, especially in terms of greenhouse gas emissions.