difference between z

Difference between ODBC and SQL

Difference between ODBC and SQL

The Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) protocol is a standard database access protocol used in Windows. It allows applications to access data in different formats without being aware of the underlying database structure. The Structured Query Language (SQL) is a standard database query language that can be used with many different databases. In this article, we will compare ODBC and SQL and discuss the benefits of each.

What is ODBC?

ODBC stands for Open Database Connectivity. It is a standard database access method that allows applications to connect to any ODBC-compliant database. ODBC was developed by Microsoft in the early 1990s and is now supported by most major database vendors. ODBC provides a common interface that can be used by various programming languages and platforms. This makes it an ideal choice for developing cross-platform applications. ODBC is also easy to use, making it a popular choice for desktop applications. However, ODBC can also be used to access web-based databases. In this case, ODBC-compliant middleware is required to translate between the ODBC interface and the database protocol.

What is SQL?

SQL, or Structured Query Language, is a programming language designed for managing data in relational database management systems (RDBMS). SQL allows users to query and manipulate data in databases. SQL commands are used to retrieve data from databases, insert new records into databases, update existing records in databases, and delete records from databases. SQL can be used to create views, stored procedures, and triggers. SQL is an ANSI (American National Standards Institute) standard. SQL is often pronounced “sequel.” SQL is sometimes referred to as a fourth-generation programming language (4GL).

Difference between ODBC and SQL

ODBC is a Database Driver designed to provide a standard way for applications to access data from a variety of database management systems (DBMS). It was originally developed by Microsoft. SQL, on the other hand, is a query language used to access and manipulate data in relational databases. ODBC provides a mechanism for mapping SQL queries into the native API calls of the DBMS. In other words, ODBC allows an application written in one programming language to access data stored in another language-based database system. ODBC is not specific to any one DBMS or programming language, while SQL is.

ODBC can be used with multiple languages and platforms, while SQL is usually specific to a particular DBMS. ODBC is based on the client/server model, while SQL is based on the set-oriented approach. ODBC uses a driver manager and ODBC drivers, while SQL uses standards-based drivers. ODBC is platform-independent, while SQL is usually platform-specific. Finally, ODBC is lower-level than SQL and requires more programming knowledge to use effectively.


ODBC and SQL are both powerful tools for managing data. However, they have different purposes. Understanding the difference between them will help you choose the right tool for the job.

Share this post

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on email