Are you unsure of the difference between OCD and OCPD? You’re not alone. The two disorders are often confused with one another, but they are actually quite different. In this blog post, we’ll outline the key differences between OCD and OCPD, so that you can better understand which disorder might be affecting you or a loved one.
What is OCD?
OCD, or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, is a mental health disorder that is characterized by obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are intrusive and unwanted thoughts, images, or urges that cause distress and anxiety. Compulsions are repetitive behaviors or mental acts that a person feels compelled to do in order to reduce their anxiety. OCD can cause significant impairment in daily functioning and can be very distressing for those who suffer from it. Some common obsessions include fear of contamination, need for symmetry or orderliness, and intrusive sexual or aggressive thoughts. Common compulsions include excessive hand-washing, counting, checking, hoarding, and compulsively repeating words or phrases. OCD often begins in childhood or adolescence, and it is estimated that 1-2% of the population suffers from OCD. If you think you may have OCD, please consult with a mental health professional.
What is OCPD?
OCPD stands for Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder. It is a mental health condition characterized by OC tendencies and OC behaviors. People with OCPD are often perfectionists who have difficulty completing tasks and may be preoccupied with orderliness, cleanliness, and control. OCPD symptoms usually begin in adolescence or early adulthood. OCPD can be diagnosed by a mental health professional after conducting a clinical interview and ruling out other possible causes of the person’s OC symptoms. Treatment for OCPD often includes psychotherapy and medication.
Difference between OCD and OCPD
OCD and OCPD are both mental disorders that share some similarities, but there are also some important distinctions between the two. Both OCD and OCPD involve obsessions and compulsions, but in OCD the obsessions are typically anxiety-inducing and the compulsions are designed to relieve that anxiety. In OCPD, the obsessions tend to be perfectionistic and the compulsions are focused on maintaining control. OCD is also more likely to involve symmetry or arrangement obsessions, while OCPD is more likely to involve obsessions with orderliness or cleanliness. OCD is generally treated with exposure therapy and medication, while OCPD is often treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy.
OCD and OCPD are different disorders that have some overlapping symptoms. However, they are caused by different things and treated in different ways. If you think you may have OCD or OCPD, it is important to get an accurate diagnosis from a mental health professional.