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Difference between NPV and EPV

Difference between NPV and EPV

There is a big difference between NPV and EPV when it comes to deciding whether or not to invest in a project. NPV looks at the present value of money that is lost or gained in a project, while EPV looks at the expected future cash flows of a project. In many cases, NPV will be the better option for deciding whether or not to invest, but there are some instances where EPV should be used. Knowing which one to use can make all the difference in your decision-making process.

What is NPV?

NPV, or Net Present Value, is a financial calculation that businesses use to determine the viability of an investment. NPV takes into account both the initial cost of an investment and the expected return on that investment. The calculation is performed by discounting the expected cash flows from an investment back to the present day. A result is a single number that can be used to compare different investments. If the NPV is positive, then the investment is considered to be viable.

If the NPV is negative, then the investment is not considered to be viable. NPV is a powerful tool that can be used to make sound investment decisions. However, it is important to remember that NPV only considers financial factors. When making an investment decision, businesses should also take into account non-financial factors such as strategic fit and risk.

What is EPV?

EPV, or expected present value, is a financial concept that helps to assess the viability of a potential investment. Put simply, it is the sum of all future cash flows that are expected to be generated by the investment, discounted back to the present day. EPV is a powerful tool that can be used to compare different investments and make informed decisions about where to allocate capital. However, it is important to remember that EPV is based on expected future cash flows, which are by their very nature uncertain. As such, EPV should be used as one input among many when making investment decisions.

Difference between NPV and EPV

The Net Present Value (NPV) is the present value of an investment’s cash flows. The investment’s cash flows are those payments made by the investment that is available for reinvestment. The reinvestment rate is the rate of return that could be expected from similar investments. The NPV is the sum of the present values of the cash flows from the investment. Expected Present Value (EPV) is a modification of NPV that takes into account the chance that the investment might not earn the expected return.

The EPV is calculated by multiplying the NPV by the probability that the investment will earn its expected return. For example, if an investment has an NPV of $100 and a probability of 0.5 (50%) of earning its expected return, then its EPV would be $50. Thus, the EPV is a measure of an investment’s expected value, taking into account both the magnitude and probability of the investment’s cash flows.


NPV and EPV are both important measures of a potential investment, but they calculate the value of the investment in different ways. It’s important to understand the difference between the two so you can make an informed decision about which is best for your business.

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