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Difference between MPEG and MPEG4

Difference between MPEG and MPEG4

MPEG and MPEG4 are types of video compression formats. MPEG (Moving Picture Experts Group) was first introduced in 1988, followed by MPEG4 in 1998. The two compression formats are very similar, but there are some key differences between them. In this blog post, we will take a closer look at the differences between MPEG and MPEG4, and discuss the pros and cons of each format. Stay tuned!

What is MPEG?

MPEG is a video compression standard that is used by a variety of electronic devices to store and play digital video. MPEG compression works by breaking down a video into small blocks of data, which are then compressed using a technique known as discrete cosine transform (DCT).

This results in a smaller file size, which can be stored on a variety of media, including CDs, DVDs, and Blu-ray discs. MPEG compression is also used by streaming services, such as Netflix, to reduce the amount of data that is transmitted over the internet.

MPEG is an international standard that was developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG). MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 are the most common MPEG standards, and MPEG-4 is the latest standard. MPEG video files have the .mpg extension.

What is MPEG4?

MPEG4 is a digital video compression standard that is used to encode video data for playback on digital media devices. MPEG4 offers significantly higher compression ratios than MPEG2, the standard used for DVD playback.

MPEG4 also supports a wider range of resolutions, including high-definition (HD) video. As a result, MPEG4 is ideal for use with portable media devices such as iPods and smartphones.

MPEG4 files are typically encoded using the MP4 file format. This format is based on the Apple Quicktime file format and supports a variety of audio and video codecs. MPEG4 is also used in the Blu-ray Disc format and the HD DVD format.

Difference between MPEG and MPEG4

MPEG and MPEG4 are two standards for digital video compression. MPEG was developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group, while MPEG4 was developed by the MPEG committee of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).

MPEG uses a technique called motion-compensated interframe coding, which predicts motion between frames and encodes only the differences. MPEG4, on the other hand, uses object-based motion estimation, which tracks individual objects in a scene and encodes their movement.

As a result, MPEG4 generally provides better compression than MPEG. In addition, MPEG4 offers additional features such as error resilience and scalability that are not available in MPEG.


MPEG and MPEG4 are both video codecs, which are used to compress digital video files. The main difference between the two is that MPEG is a standard, while MPEG4 is an extension of the MPEG standard that offers enhanced features. For most applications, MPEG4 provides better compression than MPEG and is therefore recommended for use.

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