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Difference between Modernism and Postmodernism

Difference between Modernism and Postmodernism

While both Modernism and Postmodernism are schools of thought, there are some distinct differences between the two. Modernism is based on the idea that there is one objective reality that can be discovered through reason and experimentation. Postmodernism, on the other hand, is more skeptical of this notion, and believes that reality is subjective and constantly evolving. This results in different ways of looking at art, literature, and architecture. In general, Modernism tends to be more linear and structured, while Postmodernism is more chaotic and ironic. So if you’re trying to decide which one to study, it’s important to understand the key concepts behind each one.

What is Modernism?

Modernism was a cultural movement that began in the late 19th century and lasted until the mid-20th century. It was characterized by a rejection of traditional values and conventions, a focus on individualism and experimentation, and a belief in progress and social reform. Modernist artists sought to redefine art for a new age, creating works that were expressive, abstract, and often decorative. Modernist architects rejected traditional designs in favor of functionalist style; while Modernist writers sought to redefine literature with innovative techniques such as stream-of-consciousness. Modernism had a profound impact on all areas of culture, from the arts and architecture to fashion and design. It continues to be an influential force in the 21st century.

What is Postmodernism?

Postmodernism is a philosophical and artistic movement that began in the mid-20th century. It was a reaction against the traditional values of the Modernist movement, which emphasized progress, reason, and individualism. Postmodernists instead believe that truth is relative and that there is no such thing as objective reality. They often use irony and parody to communicate their ideas, and their work often includes elements of popular culture. Postmodernism has had a significant influence on art, architecture, literature, film, and philosophy. However, it has also been criticized for its lack of clarity and its tendency to celebrate chaos over order.

Difference between Modernism and Postmodernism

Modernism and Postmodernism are two schools of thought that have been increasingly debated and discussed since the late 20th century. Modernism is a movement that emphasizes the individual, the objective, and the universal, while Postmodernism is a reaction to Modernism that emphasizes the subjective, the relational, and the particular. Modernism arose in response to the Industrial Revolution when society began to move away from traditional values and towards a more scientific and rational way of thinking. Postmodernism, on the other hand, grew out of a dissatisfaction with Modernism, and its focus on reason and objectivity. Instead, Postmodernists sought to challenge traditional values and ideas, often using irony and sarcasm. While Modernism and Postmodernism differ in many ways, they both share a commitment to cultural change.


The two schools of thought, Modernism and Postmodernism, have very different ideas about art. While Modernism focuses on the artist’s intent and the purity of the work, Postmodernism is all about deconstruction and interpretation. It can be difficult to determine which school a piece of art falls into because there are so many factors that come into play, but by understanding the basics of these two ideologies you can start to get a better idea about what you’re looking at.

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