difference between z

Difference between Mental Illness and Mental Disorder

Difference between Mental Illness and Mental Disorder

Mental illness and mental disorder are often used interchangeably, but they are actually two different things. Mental illness is a diagnosable condition, while mental disorder is a category that mental illnesses fall into. Mental disorders can be caused by mental illnesses, but not all mental disorders are caused by mental illnesses. There are many different types of mental disorders, and they can vary in severity from mild to severe. In order to be diagnosed with a mental disorder, you must meet the criteria set out in the DSM-5, which is published by the American Psychiatric Association.

What is Mental Illness?

  • Mental illness is a general term that covers a wide range of Mental disorders. Mental illnesses are characterized by changes in thinking, mood, and/or behavior. They can affect a person’s ability to relate to others and function each day. Mental illnesses are caused by a complex interaction of genetic, biological, psychological, and social factors. Mental illnesses are real, common, and treatable. And recovery is possible. Mental illnesses can happen to anyone—even kids and teens. In any given year, one in five children ages 13–18 has or will have a serious mental illness.
  • Mental illnesses are medical conditions that disrupt a person’s thoughts, feelings, moods, ability to relate to others, and daily functioning. Just as diabetes is a disorder of the pancreas, mental illnesses are medical conditions that often result in a diminished capacity for coping with the ordinary demands of life.
  • Severe mental illnesses include major depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and borderline personality disorder. Many other less severe but nonetheless debilitating disorders also afflict people around the world. Mental illness doesn’t discriminate.

What is Mental Disorder?

A mental disorder is a psychological disorder that chromosomal abnormalities, birth defects, physical trauma, drug abuse, emotional trauma, or a combination of these. Mental disorders are categorized into different types depending on their symptoms. The most common types of mental disorders are anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and schizophrenia. Mental disorders can be caused by several factors, including genetic predisposition, environmental stressors, and brain chemistry. Mental disorders are often treated with medication and psychotherapy.

Difference between Mental Illness and Mental Disorder

Mental illness and Mental Disorder are two terms that are often used interchangeably, but there is a distinct difference between the two. Mental illness is a broad term that covers a wide range of disorders, while Mental Disorder is a more specific diagnosis. Mental illness can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetic predisposition, trauma, or substance abuse. Mental Disorder, on the other hand, is usually caused by an imbalance in the brain chemistry. Mental illness can also be temporary, while Mental Disorder is usually a long-term condition. Treatment for Mental Illness often includes therapy and medication, while treatment for Mental Disorder typically includes medication and monitoring.


Mental illness and mental disorder are often used interchangeably, but they have very different meanings. A mental illness is a clinically diagnosable condition that significantly impairs an individual’s cognitive, emotional, or social abilities. A mental disorder, on the other hand, refers to any abnormal behavior or psychological syndrome. The important thing to remember is that not all abnormal behaviors or psychological syndromes are indicative of a mental disorder. If you’re concerned about your own or someone else’s mental health, it’s best to consult with a professional.

Share this post

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on email