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Difference between Meccan and Medinan Suras

Difference between Meccan and Medinan Suras

The Qur’an is the religious text of Islam. It is composed of verses that were revealed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad over a period of 23 years. According to Islamic belief, the Qur’an is the literal word of Allah. The majority of the verses were revealed in Mecca, while a small number were revealed in Medina. The Meccan suras are shorter and deal with matters such as faith and morality. The Medinan suras are longer and contain instructions for Muslims about how to live their lives.

What are Meccan Suras?

Meccan Suras are verses of the Quran that were revealed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the city of Mecca. Meccan Suras generally deal with theological and philosophical issues, rather than practical guidance. As a result, they are often considered to be some of the most important verses in the Quran. There are a total of 86 Meccan Suras, which make up approximately one-third of the Quran. Among the most famous Meccan Suras are “The Opening” (Al-Fatihah), “The Cow” (Al-Baqarah), and “The Spider” (An-Nisa). These verses have helped to shape Islamic thought and practice for centuries, and continue to be studied by Muslims around the world.

What are Medinan Suras?

Medinan Suras are the suras, or chapters, of the Quran that were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad after he migrated from Mecca to Medina. There are a total of 28 Medinan Suras, which make up roughly one-third of the Quran. The Medinan Suras are generally longer and more detailed than the Meccan Suras, and they cover a wide range of topics including warfare, social welfare, and family law. While the Medinan Suras represent a significant portion of Islamic scripture, they are often overshadowed by the more well-known Meccan Suras. Nevertheless, the Medinan Suras provide essential guidance on how Muslims should live their lives, and they remain an essential part of the Islamic faith.

Difference between Meccan and Medinan Suras

Meccan and Medinan Suras are the two divisions of the Quran. Meccan Suras were revealed during the early years of Prophet Muhammad’s mission in Mecca, while Medinan Suras were revealed after the Prophet migrated to Medina. Meccan Suras are generally shorter and more concise than Medinan Suras. They focus on topics such as monotheism, Prophethood, and the Hereafter, and their primary audience is the Meccan pagans.

In contrast, Medinan Suras are longer and deal with more practical issues such as governance, warfare, and family law. They were revealed in response to the needs of the Muslim community in Medina, and they contain a number of verses that abrogate (cancel) earlier Meccan verses. As a result, Meccan and Medinan Suras differ in both content and style. But despite these differences, they both play an essential role in the Quran’s overall message.


The main difference between the Meccan and Medinan suras is that the latter was revealed after Muhammad had moved to Medina and started to receive revelations from Allah through the angel Gabriel. The Medinan suras are longer, and tend to be more violent than the earlier Meccan suras. They also include instructions for how Muslims should live their lives and deal with non-Muslims.

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