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Difference between Management and Governance

Difference between Management and Governance

Both management and governance are essential for organizations, but what is the difference between them? Management is about achieving results through people, while governance is about ensuring that an organization operates within its legal and ethical boundaries. Good management ensures that resources are used efficiently and effectively, while good governance helps to protect an organization from risk. In short, management is about getting things done, while governance is about making sure things are done right.

What is Management?

Management is the process of achieving organizational goals by working with and through people and other resources. Management consists of planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization or endeavor for the purpose of accomplishing a goal. Management is often included as a factor of production along with machines, materials, and money. According to Henri Fayol, there are five functions of management: planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating, and controlling. Management is also a field of study that includes research on the efficient and effective use of resources in organizations. Management has been described as a social process involving responsibility for economical and effective planning & regulation of the operation of an enterprise in the fulfillment of given purposes. It is an act of creating and maintaining conditions in which people can work together effectively to accomplish worthwhile objectives. It includes ensuring that human resource activities such as job design, recruitment, selection, training, compensation, performance appraisal, and labor relations are conducted effectively in order to achieve organizational goals. The overall goal of management is to make people more effective so that they can achieve organizational goals. Management must also deal with environmental factors that affect the organization such as political, economic, social, and technological change.

What is Governance?

Governance is the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented) within an organization or institution. Governance includes both the formal and informal rules, procedures, and processes that affect how power is exercised within a given entity. It also includes the relationships among individuals, groups, and institutions that define authority, accountability, and responsibility. In short, governance is the process by which we make decisions about how we will live together. Governance is thus vitally important to any society or organization. Without effective governance, it would be impossible to make collective decisions or to ensure that those decisions are carried out. Poor governance can lead to chaos, corruption, and violence; good governance is essential for peace, stability, and prosperity.

Difference between Management and Governance

Management and governance are two terms that are often used interchangeably, but there are important distinctions between the two. Management refers to the process of planning, organizing, and controlling the activities of an organization in order to achieve its goals. Governance, on the other hand, is the process of making and enforcing decisions about how an organization is run. In other words, management is concerned with the day-to-day operations of an organization, while governance is focused on setting the direction for the organization and ensuring that it adheres to its core values. While both management and governance are essential for ensuring that an organization runs smoothly, they are distinct processes that require different skill sets.


The key difference between management and governance is that management is responsible for the day-to-day operations of an organization, while governance sets the strategic framework within which management operates. In order to create a well-run and effective organization, it’s important to have both strong management and good governance in place.

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