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Difference between Magnetism and Electromagnetism

Difference between Magnetism and Electromagnetism

Magnetism and electromagnetism are both fundamental forces in the natural world, but they are quite different from each other. Magnetism is the force that attracts or repels objects made of iron or other materials that contain metal atoms. Electromagnetism is the combination of magnetic and electric fields. It is much more powerful than magnetism and can be used to generate electricity.

What is Magnetism?

Magnetism is a force exerted by magnets that attracts or repels other magnets, or objects made of iron. Magnets are made from a special type of metal called ferromagnetic material, which is composed of atoms that have unpaired electrons in their outermost orbital. When these unpaired electrons align in the same direction, they create a magnetic field. The strength of this field depends on the number of unpaired electrons and how they are arranged.

Magnets can be permanent or temporary. Permanent magnets are made from materials such as iron, cobalt, and nickel, while temporary magnets are usually made from electromagnets, which use electric current to generate a magnetic field. Magnetism is used in a variety of applications, including electric motors, generators, speakers, and MRI machines.

What is Electromagnetism?

Electromagnetism is the physical phenomenon that occurs when an electric charge is placed in a magnetic field. This interaction between electricity and magnetism produces a force that can be used to power electrical devices or to create magnetic fields. Electromagnetism is one of the four fundamental forces of nature, along with gravity, the strong nuclear force, and the weak nuclear force. It is responsible for most of the physical phenomena that we experience in everyday life, including the generation of electricity, the operation of motors, and the movement of electrons in atoms. Although it has been studied for centuries, electromagnetism continues to be an active area of research, as scientists strive to unlock its full potential.

Difference between Magnetism and Electromagnetism

Magnetism and electromagnetism are both forces that exert a force on objects. Magnetism is a natural force that is created by the spin of electrons in atoms. Electromagnetism is a force that is created by the movement of electric charges. Both magnetism and electromagnetism can cause objects to move or interact with each other. However, there are some key differences between the two forces.

Magnetism is a long-range force, meaning it can affect objects that are far away from the source of the magnetism. Electromagnetism is a short-range force, meaning it only affects objects that are close to the source of the electromagnetism. Additionally, magnetism can only affect moving objects; electromagnetism can also affect stationary objects. Finally, magnetism is always attractive, while electromagnetism can be either attractive or repulsive. These differences show that magnetism and electromagnetism are both powerful forces with different applications.


Magnetism and electromagnetism are two important concepts in physics. Magnetism is the force that attracts or repels objects made of metal, while electromagnetism is the combination of magnetism and electricity. Both concepts have a wide range of applications in science and technology.

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