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Difference between Lymphoma and Hodgkin Lymphoma

Difference between Lymphoma and Hodgkin Lymphoma

Lymphoma and Hodgkin lymphoma are both types of cancer that affect the lymphatic system, but there are some important distinctions between them. Lymphoma is a broad term that refers to any cancer of the lymph nodes, while Hodgkin lymphoma is a specific type of lymphoma that affects the Reed-Sternberg cells. Treatment for each type of cancer can vary greatly, so it’s important to understand the differences between them.

What is Lymphoma?

Lymphoma is cancer that begins in the cells of the lymph system. The lymph system is part of the body’s immune system and is made up of glands, lymph nodes, the spleen, the thymus, and bone marrow. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell that helps to fight infection. Lymphomas develop when there is a problem with the lymphocytes. The lymphocytes may become abnormal or they may grow out of control. Lymphomas can be either Hodgkin’s disease or non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Lymphomas can be either slow-growing or fast-growing. When symptoms do occur, they may include fever, night sweats, weight loss, and fatigue. Lymphomas are diagnosed through a biopsy of the affected tissue. Treatment options include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and stem cell transplant. Lymphoma can be fatal if it is not treated promptly and effectively. However, with early diagnosis and treatment, many people with lymphoma can go on to lead long and healthy lives.

What is Hodgkin Lymphoma?

Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is cancer that starts in the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system includes the spleen, thymus, bone marrow, and lymph nodes. It helps fight infection by making and storing white blood cells.
Hodgkin lymphoma most often affects young adults between the ages of 20 and 40 years old and is slightly more common in men than women. There are two types of HL: classical HL and nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL).
Classical HL is further divided into four subtypes:
-Nodular sclerosis HL (the most common),
-Mixed cellularity HL,
-Lymphocyte-rich HL,
-Lymphocyte-depleted HL.

Doctors use a variety of tests to diagnose HL. A medical history and physical exam are usually the first steps. Blood tests, X-rays, computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, positron emission tomography (PET) scans, and biopsies may also be used.

Difference between Lymphoma and Hodgkin Lymphoma

Lymphoma and Hodgkin’s Lymphoma are two types of cancer that affect the lymphatic system. Lymphoma is a general term that refers to all cancers that originate in the lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cell. Hodgkin Lymphoma, on the other hand, specifically refers to cancer that affects the B-cells, which are a subtype of lymphocyte. Both Lymphoma and Hodgkin Lymphoma can cause the same symptoms, such as enlarged lymph nodes, fatigue, and shortness of breath. However, Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is generally considered to be more treatable than Lymphoma. This is because Hodgkin Lymphoma cells tend to have abnormal surface proteins that make them more susceptible to treatment. As a result, Hodgkin’s Lymphoma has a better prognosis than Lymphoma.

Conclusion

Lymphoma is cancer that starts in the lymphatic system, while Hodgkin lymphoma is a specific type of lymphoma. There are several different types of lymphoma, and they are all treated differently. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with lymphoma, it’s important to learn about the different types and how they are treated.

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