Verbs are one of the most important words in any language. There are two types of verbs: lexical and auxiliary. Auxiliary verbs are used to help form verb tenses, while lexical verbs express an action or occurrence. Let’s take a closer look at the difference between these two types of verbs.
What is a Lexical Verb?
Lexical verbs are the primary verbs in a sentence, denoting the main action or event. Lexical verbs typically convey meaning on their own, without the need for auxiliary verbs. For example, in the sentence “I am writing a paper,” the lexical verb is “write.” This contrasts with functional verbs such as “be,” which often provide grammatical information but do not contribute to the meaning of the sentence on their own. Lexical verbs are an important part of communication, as they are often the centerpiece of a sentence and convey its central message. As a result, it is important to choose them carefully in order to ensure that your intended meaning is conveyed clearly.
What is Auxiliary Verb?
An auxiliary verb is a verb that is used alongside the main verb to help express the main verb’s tense, mood, or voice. Auxiliary verbs are also known as helping verbs. The most common auxiliary verbs in English are, do, and have. Auxiliary verbs are usually (but not always) followed by the main verb. For example:
– I am studying for my test. (Here, the auxiliary verb am is followed by the main verb studying.)
– Do you know the answer? (Here, the auxiliary verb do is followed by the main verb know.)
– We have finished our homework. (Here, the auxiliary verb have is followed by the main verb finished.)
Difference between Lexical Verb and Auxiliary Verb
Lexical verbs (also known as main verbs) are the most important verbs in a sentence. They convey the primary meaning of the sentence and can stand alone as a complete thought. For example, in the sentence “I am writing a paper,” the lexical verb is “writing.”
In contrast, auxiliary verbs (also known as helping verbs) do not convey much meaning on their own. Rather, they help to support the main verb and provide additional information about time, frequency, or emphasis.
For example, in the sentence “I am writing a paper,” the auxiliary verb is “am.” Other common auxiliary verbs include “be,” “do,” and “have.” Thus, while auxiliary verbs are important in forming complete sentences, they are not typically the focus of those sentences.
Now that you know the difference between lexical verbs and auxiliary verbs, it will be easier for you to use them correctly in your own writing. As always, practice makes perfect, so make sure to take some time to write out a few sentences using both types of verbs. Once you’re comfortable with the usage, try incorporating them into your next blog post or essay assignment.