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Difference between Law and Equity

Difference between Law and Equity

There is a big difference between law and equity, which many people might not know. They are two different legal systems that can sometimes overlap, but usually operate separately. Understanding the difference between the two is important for anyone who wants to understand the law.

What is Law?

  • Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior. It has been defined both as “the Science of Justice” and “the Art of Justice”. Law is a system that regulates and ensures that individuals or a community adhere to the will of the state. Law is a tool used to enforce justice. When someone breaks a law, they are subject to punishment by the state.
  • The purpose of law is to protect the rights of citizens, promote public safety, and maintain order. Law is also used as a tool to further the interests of those in power. Laws are made by legislatures, which are composed of representatives elected by the people.
  • The executive branch, composed of the president and his appointees, enforces laws. The judiciary interprets laws and applies them to specific cases. Law is constantly evolving and adapting to meet the needs of society. There are many different types of law, such as civil law, criminal law, administrative law, constitutional law, international law, and contract law. Each type of law has its own set of rules and regulations.

What is Equity?

Equity is the quality of being fair and just. When applied to the distribution of resources, it refers to the idea that everyone should have access to the same opportunities and resources. Equity is often contrasted with equality, which is the state of everyone being treated the same. While equality guarantees that everyone receives the same treatment, equity strives to ensure that everyone has what they need to be successful. This can involve making different arrangements for different people, based on their individual needs and circumstances. Equity is a complex concept, but its ultimate goal is to create a society where everyone can thrive.

Difference between Law and Equity

Law and equity are two terms that are often used interchangeably, but there is actually a big difference between the two. Law refers to the legal system that is in place in a society, while equity refers to the fairness of that system. In other words, law is the framework within which a society functions, while equity is the principle of fairness that should guide how that framework is applied.

Unfortunately, in many cases, the two concepts can come into conflict with each other. For example, a law may state that everyone must be treated equally, but in practice, some people may be given preferential treatment. This is where equity comes in; it strives to ensure that everyone is given a fair chance, regardless of their background or circumstances. By understanding the difference between law and equity, we can start to build a fairer society for everyone.


The law is the system of rules that a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members. Equity, on the other hand, is an aspect of the law that allows people to go beyond what the law says in order to do justice in a particular situation. There are many cases where equity supersedes law, such as when someone breaks a major law but has acted with good intentions. In these situations, courts often look at the circumstances of each case and make a decision based on what would be fair and just. Although equity is not always recognized by courts, it can provide a more flexible solution for unique situations.

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