Difference between Language and Dialect | Language vs. Dialect

Language vs. Dialect


Difference between Language and Dialect:- If we are asked what our language is, would we say that it is Spanish? but what would we answer if we are also asked what our dialect is? Many people would be surprised if they had to make a distinction between these two concepts.

Above all, linguists define the term “dialect” as the variation of a language used by a particular group of people in a given geographical area. So what is the difference between language and dialect? Well, it is said that language or language is that form of communication that has greater acceptance in a country. This means that the dialect is only a subdivision of the main language.

Language is the sum of the parts, while the dialect is a subdivision used by a particular group within a society. The language has more prestige over the dialect; even in other decades, the dialect was considered as a deviation that broke with linguistic norms.

Difference between Language and Dialect

Dialect
Although there is no definitive agreement yet among researchers, it is in fact correct to say that the term “dialect” refers to a variation of the main language or language, which is used more locally. Dialects that share the same grammatical characteristics (not necessarily pronunciation and vocabulary) are described as local, with their closest linguistic forms. In addition, many linguists also argue that the difference between dialect and language is more in a political, historical and sociological sense than linguistic. The difference is more subjective than objective.

Neither can be distinguished by virtue of structural differences, because this would be like establishing a difference between English and Chinese.

Language
The language or language is determined politically. This means that a qualified and authoritative group within society can dictate which of the many dialects should be chosen as the official language of the state. This has been done on many occasions throughout history.

On the other hand, the dialect and the language of a certain place are usually related in such a narrow way that it is often difficult to differentiate them. That is why it can be said that people who reside in the same place and speak the same language or dialect; share similar inherent characteristics between the two.

Key differences between Language and Dialect

  • The language is more general, while the dialect is more particular and specific to an area.
  • The language or language has more acceptances and is given more prestige than the dialect; to which in some cases it is considered a deviation from the language.
  • The language is politically and historically determined, while the dialect is being incorporated by the speakers themselves.
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