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Difference between Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty

Difference between Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty

Kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty are two similar procedures that are used to treat compression fractures in the spine. But what is the difference between them? And which one is right for you? Here’s a look at the key differences between kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty.

What is Kyphoplasty?

Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive treatment used to correct vertebral fractures that have been caused by osteoporosis. The procedure involves the use of a small balloon to gently raise the collapsed vertebrae back into place. Once the vertebrae are in alignment, special bone cement is injected into the space created by the balloon, providing stability and preventing further collapse.

Kyphoplasty can be performed on an outpatient basis and typically takes less than one hour to complete. In most cases, patients are able to return home the same day and can resume normal activities within a few days. Kyphoplasty is an effective treatment for relieving pain and restoring function in patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures.

What is Vertebroplasty?

Vertebroplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that can be used to treat vertebral compression fractures. The procedure involves injecting bone cement into the affected vertebra, which helps to stabilize the bone and relieve pain. Vertebroplasty is typically performed using fluoroscopy, which is a type of live x-ray that allows the physician to see the spine in real-time. The procedure is generally well-tolerated, and most patients experience significant relief from their symptoms within 24 hours. Vertebroplasty can be an effective treatment for vertebral compression fractures, providing both pain relief and stabilization of the affected bone.

Difference between Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty

Kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty are both procedures used to treat compression fractures of the spine. Kyphoplasty uses a balloon to create a cavity in the bone, which is then filled with bone cement. This procedure is less invasive than vertebroplasty, and it has a lower risk of complications.

Vertebroplasty also uses bone cement, but the cement is injected directly into the fracture site. This procedure is more invasive, but it may be necessary if Kyphoplasty is not effective. Kyphoplasty is typically effective in treating compression fractures that have not healed after 3-6 months. Vertebroplasty may be necessary for urgent cases or for patients who have not responded to Kyphoplasty.


Kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty are both treatments for compression fractures, but there are some key differences. Kyphoplasty is a more invasive procedure that involves the injection of a balloon into the fractured vertebra to create a space for the cement. Vertebroplasty is less invasive and involves the injection of cement directly into the fracture site. Both procedures are effective in treating compression fractures, but your doctor will be able to advise you on which treatment is best for you.

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