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Difference between JDBC and Hibernate

Difference between JDBC and Hibernate

There are many options for accessing a database from Java. Two of the most popular are JDBC and Hibernate. They both have their pros and cons, but which is the best choice for you? In this blog post, we’ll compare JDBC and Hibernate to help you decide.

What is JDBC?

JDBC is an API that provides the ability to access and manipulate databases. JDBC is a Java-based technology that enables programmers to connect to any SQL compliant database from within the Java code. The JDBC API provides a standard set of functions that allow developers to execute SQL statements against a database. JDBC also allows for the integration of relational data into Java applications. JDBC drivers are available for all major relational databases, making it possible to write a single application that can be used with multiple database systems. In addition, JDBC provides a mechanism for creating database-independent code. By using JDBC, developers can write code that is not tied to a particular database system, making it possible to port their applications to different systems with minimal changes.

What is Hibernate?

Hibernate is an open source, lightweight Java framework that provides a powerful ORM (Object Relational Mapping) tool for developers. Hibernate is a great choice for building Java applications because it offers a simple, standard way to access and manipulate data. Hibernate also supports JPA (Java Persistence API), making it easy to connect to a wide range of databases. Hibernate’s performance is also very good, making it a great option for large-scale applications. Overall, Hibernate is a great choice for any Java developer looking for a simple, efficient way to access and manipulate data.

Difference between JDBC and Hibernate

JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) and Hibernate are two different technologies that are used for accessing databases. JDBC is a low-level API that allows developers to access databases using SQL, while Hibernate is a high-level object-relational mapping tool that abstracts away the details of JDBC. JDBC is more flexible than Hibernate, but it requires developers to write more boilerplate code. Hibernate is less flexible than JDBC, but it eliminates the need to write a lot of boilerplate code. Ultimately, the decision of which technology to use depends on the specific needs of the project.


JDBC and Hibernate are both Java-based object relational mapping (ORM) frameworks for managing the persistence of objects in a database. They provide similar functionality but differ in a few key ways. Let’s take a look at some of the main differences between JDBC and Hibernate.JDBC is more low-level than Hibernate, meaning that developers have more control over how data is persisted and accessed. On the other hand, Hibernate is more high-level, making it easier for developers to get started.

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