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Difference between Inline and V Engines

Difference between Inline and V Engines

When choosing an engine for your car, you have two main options: inline or V. Both have their pros and cons, which this post will break down for you. So, what’s the difference? An inline engine has cylinders in a straight line, while a V engine has them in a V formation. Let’s take a look at the pros and cons of each.

What is an Inline Engine?

An inline engine is a type of internal combustion engine with its cylinders arranged in a straight line, or more accurately, lined up along a common crankshaft. In an inline engine, the cylinders are mounted upright, rather than on their sides as in a V engine. The four-cylinder inline engine was the most popular configuration in cars until the 1970s when V6 and V8 engines became more prevalent. Some advantages of an inline engine over a V-type engine include a simpler construction and layout, increased reliability, and often a greater power-to-weight ratio. One disadvantage is that due to the long crankcase length, an inline engine is more vulnerable to torsional vibration damage. Another is that they typically have larger frontal areas which can increase aerodynamic drag. Inline engines are still used today in many small displacement applications such as motorcycles, lawnmowers, and chainsaws. Larger displacement inline engines are less common but can still be found in some luxury vehicles such as BMWs and Audis.

What is V Engine?

V engine is an internal combustion engine with two banks of cylinders, aligned so that the V shape of the banks resembles a V. V engines are used in a wide range of vehicles, from bicycles and cars to airplanes. V engines typically have a higher power-to-weight ratio than inline engines, and they are often used in high-performance applications. V engines can also be more fuel efficient than inline engines, due to their higher surface area-to-volume ratio. However, V engines can be more difficult to manufacture and maintain than inline engines. When shopping for a new vehicle, it is important to consider the pros and cons of V engines to make sure that the engine type is right for you.

Difference between Inline and V Engines

  • In an inline engine, the cylinders are arranged in a line along a common crankshaft. In a V engine, the cylinders are arranged in two rows, with the cylinders in each row offset from each other. The first V engines were used in aircraft engines, where the compact layout was ideal for fitting into a small space. However, V engines are now also used in cars and trucks.
  • There are several advantages to using a V engine over an inline engine. One advantage is that it is easier to balance the forces on the crankshaft since the cylinders are arranged in two rows. This results in a smoother running engine. Another advantage is that the layout of the cylinders makes it easier to install superchargers and turbochargers, which can increase power output.
  • However, there are also some disadvantages to using a V engine. One disadvantage is that they tend to be heavier than inline engines, due to the additional components required for the offset cylinder arrangement. Another disadvantage is that they tend to produce more vibration than inline engines, due to the uneven firing order of the cylinders.
  • Overall, there are both advantages and disadvantages to using either an inline or V engine. The decision of which type of engine to use depends on the specific requirements of the application.


Inline and V engines are two different types of engine designs. Both have their own advantages and disadvantages, but which is the best for you? It depends on what you’re looking for in an engine. If you want a lot of power and speed, go with a V engine. If you need more fuel efficiency or lower emissions, go with an inline engine. Whichever type of engine you choose, make sure to get it serviced regularly at a reputable mechanic to keep your car running smoothly.

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