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Difference between Indian Punjab and Pakistan Punjab

Difference between Indian Punjab and Pakistan Punjab

The Indian state of Punjab and the Pakistani province of Punjab are often thought to be one and the same, but there are some key differences between the two regions. While both are predominantly Sikh and Punjabi-speaking areas, Indian Punjab is a significantly wealthier region with a more developed economy than its Pakistani counterpart. Additionally, Indian Punjab has a more secular government, while Pakistani Punjab is home to a number of hardline religious groups. These distinctions make the two Punjabs vastly different places, with unique cultural traditions and political landscapes.

What is Indian Punjab?

Indian Punjab is a state in the northern part of India. It is bounded by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast, Rajasthan to the southwest, and Jammu and Kashmir to the north. The Indian Punjab was divided into two parts after the partition of British India into India and Pakistan in 1947.

  • The western part became a part of Pakistan while the eastern part remained in India. Indian Punjab has an area of 50,362 square kilometers and a population of 27.7 million.
  • The capital of Indian Punjab is Chandigarh which is also the capital of Haryana and serves as the joint capital of both states. Indian Punjab is one of the most prosperous states in India. The state’s economy is predominantly agricultural with grains, fruits, and vegetables being the major crops.
  • Indian Punjab also has a large dairy industry and is one of the leading producers of milk in India. Manufacturing industries are also well developed in the state with textiles, sugar, and electronics being some of the major products.
  • Indian Punjab is also known for its rich culture and heritage. The state is home to many historical monuments and sites which attract tourists from all over the world.

Indian Punjab is also famous for its cuisine which is a blend of Punjabi, Mughlai, and Afghani cuisines. Some popular dishes from Indian Punjab include butter chicken, tandoori chicken, dal makhani, naan, etc. Indian Punjab is also well known for its traditional Punjabi music and dance which are an integral part of Punjabi culture.

What is Pakistan Punjab?

Pakistan Punjab is one of Pakistan’s four provinces, located in the country’s northeast. Punjab is Pakistan’s second largest province by population, with over 110 million people, and covers an area of 79,284 square miles. The province is home to Pakistan’s capital, Islamabad, as well as the country’s largest city, Lahore.

The province has a diverse economy, with agriculture, manufacturing, and service industries all playing a role. Punjab is also an important cultural center, with a rich history and a vibrant music and arts scene. Pakistan Punjab is a vital part of Pakistan and plays an important role in the country’s economy and culture.

Difference between Indian Punjab and Pakistan Punjab

Indian Punjab and Pakistan Punjab are two neighboring states with a shared history. Both states were part of the British Raj, and after the partition of British India in 1947, they both became independent countries.

  • Indian Punjab is part of the Indian Union, while Pakistan Punjab is part of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. There are significant differences between the two states in terms of population, religion, language, and culture.
  • Indian Punjab has a large Sikh population, while Pakistan Punjab has a majority Muslim population. Punjabi is the main language spoken in both states, but Urdu is also widely spoken in Pakistan Punjab.
  • Pakistani Punjabis are generally considered to be more conservative than their Indian counterparts. Indian Punjab is also more economically developed than Pakistan Punjab, with a higher per capita income and a lower poverty rate.


The difference between Indian Punjab and Pakistani Punjab is vast. From the food they eat to the way they speak, these two Punjabs are worlds apart. If you’re ever in either area, be sure to sample the local cuisine and chat with the locals to get a real sense of each culture.

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