difference between z

Difference between Imparfait and Passe Compose

Difference between Imparfait and Passe Compose

There are two main verb tenses in French: imparfait and passe compose. Though they may look similar, the two have different purposes and meanings. In this blog post, we’ll explore the differences between imparfait and passe compose, so you can use the right tense for the right situation. Ready to learn more? Let’s get started!

What is Imparfait?

Imparfait is a French verb tense that is used to describe ongoing or repeated actions in the past. It is similar to the English “imperfect” tense. Imparfait is formed by using the regular present tense conjugation of the verb, plus the ending -ais, -ais, -ait, -ions, -iez, -aient . For example, the Imparfait form of the verb “parler” (to speak) is “je parlais” (I was speaking). Imparfait is often used with time expressions such as “always,” “Often,” “usually,” and “whenever.” It can also be used to describe someone’s personality or physical traits. For example, you might say “Il est toujours en retard” (He’s always late) or “Elle est appelée petite” (She’s called little). Imparfait is a very versatile verb tense that can be used in a variety of situations. With a little practice, you’ll be using Imparfait like a native speaker in no time!

What is Passe Compose?

Passe Compose is a French verb tense that is used to describe an action that has been completed in the past. In order to form Passe Compose, you conjugate the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” in the present tense and add the past participle of the main verb. For example, the sentence “I have eaten breakfast” would be conjugated as “J’ai mangé le petit déjeuner.” Passe Compose is often used in conjunction with other verb tenses, such as the Imparfait, to provide a more complete picture of past events.

Difference between Imparfait and Passe Compose

Imparfait is used to describe habitual or repetitive actions in the past, as well as to describe continuous past actions. It is also used to describe ongoing states of being in the past. Passe compose, on the other hand, is used to describe completed past actions. In addition, passe compose is often used with time stamps or specific dates and times. As a result, Imparfait is more versatile than Passe Compose and can be used in a wider range of contexts.


In summary, the imparfait is used to describe a habitual or repeated action in the past, while the passe compose is used to describe an action that has already been completed. The imparfait can also be used to describe a hypothetical situation, whereas the passe compose cannot. When deciding which tense to use, it’s important to consider the time frame and whether or not the action has been completed. Hopefully, this article has helped clear up any confusion about these two tenses and you feel confident using them in your own French writing!

Share this post

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on email