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Difference between HTML and XHTML

Difference between HTML and XHTML

HTML and XHTML are both markup languages used to add formatting and structure to text. While they share many similarities, there are some key differences between the two. In this blog post, we’ll take a closer look at those differences, and explain why you might choose to use HTML or XHTML in your own projects.

What is HTML?

HTML, which stands for Hypertext Markup Language, is the standard markup language for creating web pages. HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages. With HTML constructs, images and other objects, such as Java applets or ActiveX controls, can be embedded into an HTML document.HTML describes the structure of a web page semantically and originally included cues for the appearance of the document.
HTML5 is the latest version of HTML and includes new features like video playback and drag-and-drop support. It also provides a larger set of technologies supporting both mobile devices and low-powered devices such as netbooks and tablets. However, support for older browsers is still required because many users do not update to newer versions. Studies have shown that HTML5 adoption is still lagging behind. Different strategies have been adopted to encourage its widespread use, including providing support for older browsers and using polyfills (or shims) to fill in the gaps where HTML5 is not yet implemented. Despite these efforts, it will likely take years before HTML5 becomes the dominant version of HTML.

What is XHTML?

XHTML is a markup language that combines the best features of HTML and XML. It was developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) as a standard for structuring and presenting content on the web. Unlike HTML, which is primarily designed for static content, XHTML is designed for both static and dynamic content. This makes it an ideal choice for developing web applications. In addition, XHTML is more flexible than HTML, and it can be used to create more sophisticated page layouts. However, XHTML is not as widely used as HTML, and it is not supported by all web browsers.

Difference between HTML and XHTML

HTML and XHTML are both markup languages used for creating web pages. HTML is the standard language for most web pages, while XHTML is a more strict, well-formed version of HTML. Although XHTML is more technically correct than HTML, it is also more difficult to write, so most web pages are still written in HTML. However, as browsers become more capable of handling well-formed code, it is likely that XHTML will become more popular in the future. For now, though, HTML remains the most commonly used language for creating web pages.


HTML and XHTML are two different markup languages used to create websites. While they share some similarities, there are also some key differences. In general, XHTML is stricter than HTML, meaning that it requires more tags and adheres to a stricter set of rules. If you’re starting out in web development or looking to make your website more compliant with web standards, it’s important to understand the difference between HTML and XHTML.

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