Have you ever listened to Indian classical music? If so, you’ve probably heard both Hindustani and Carnatic styles. But what’s the difference between them? This blog post will explore the history, instruments, and style of each genre. By the end, you’ll be able to appreciate both forms of Indian classical music!
What is Hindustani Music?
Hindustani Music is a style of music that originated in Northern India. It is a form of classical music that is characterized by its use of improvisation, Hindustani Music typically features a melody played on a solo instrument, with accompaniment from a drone and percussion. The music is often based on ragas, which are traditional melodic structures. Hindustani Music has been influenced by a variety of other musical traditions, including Persian and Arabic music. Hindustani Music was introduced to the West in the early 20th century, and it has since become one of the most popular forms of classical music in the world.
What is Carnatic Music?
Carnatic music is a system of music that originated in the southern part of India. Carnatic music is generally performed by a solo singer, accompanied by a small group of musicians playing Carnatic instruments. Carnatic music has a strong tradition of improvisation, and Carnatic musicians often employ complex rhythmic patterns and extended melodic phrases.
Carnatic music is also known for its highly Ornamental style of singing, which often includes movements of the head, neck, and face. Carnatic music has been influenced by many other musical traditions, including Hindustani music and Western classical music. However, Carnatic music remains largely distinct from these other traditions, preserving its own unique character and identity.
Difference between Hindustani and Carnatic Music
Hindustani and Carnatic music are two different types of Indian classical music. Both Hindustani and Carnatic music have their roots in the Vedic tradition, but they developed differently due to the different geographical regions where they were practiced. Hindustani music originated in northern India, while Carnatic music originated in southern India.
Hindustani music is typically more improvisational than Carnatic music, and it uses a wider range of notes. Hindustani music is also more meditative, while Carnatic music is more energetic. Both Hindustani and Carnatic music is beautiful and complex forms of art, and they each offer a unique experience to the listener.
There are many different styles of music that fall under the umbrella term “Indian Classical Music.” Some people might say that Hindustani music is more improvisational, while Carnatic music has more strict rules governing melody and rhythm. Others might say that Hindustani music is more associated with the north of India, while Carnatic music is popular in the south. Ultimately, it’s up to the individual listener to decide which type of Indian classical music they prefer.