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Difference between Hindu Law and Muslim Law

Difference between Hindu Law and Muslim Law

There are many similarities between Hindu law and Muslim law, but there are also some key differences. Both systems of law have their origins in religious texts, and both systems place a strong emphasis on family values. However, Muslim law is more heavily based on the Quran, while Hindu law is based more on custom and tradition. Muslim law also allows for polygamy, while Hindu law prohibits it. Finally, Hindu law allows for divorce, while Muslim law does not. These are just a few of the key differences between these two legal systems.

What is Hindu Law?

Hindu law is a legal system developed in ancient India and practiced by Hindus. Hindu law is based on the concept of Dharma, which emphasizes duties, rights, and laws that are based on social order, religion, and customs.

  • Hindu law contains a number of different sources, including the Vedas, Dharmasutras, and Smritis. Hindu law is also influenced by local customs and traditions. Hindu law is not codified, which means that it is constantly evolving and changing.
  • Hindu law is one of the oldest legal systems in the world, and it continues to play an important role in the lives of Hindus today. Hindu law is used to settle disputes, define property rights, and determine inheritance.
  • Hindu law is also used to regulate personal conduct, marriage, divorce, and other important aspects of family life. Hindu law plays a vital role in ensuring that Hindus can live in accordance with their beliefs and values. Hindu law is an essential part of Hindu culture and society.

What is Muslim Law?

Muslim law, also known as Sharia law, is a legal system that is based on the teachings of the Quran. The Quran is the Muslim holy book, and it contains guidelines for how Muslims should live their lives.

  • Muslim law covers a wide range of topics, including family law, criminal law, and business law. In Muslim countries, Sharia law is often used alongside secular laws.
  • However, in some countries, Sharia law is the only legal system. Muslim countries that use Sharia law often have religious courts called “qadis” that handle cases involving Muslim law.
  • In addition to qadis, some Muslim countries also have secular courts that handle cases involving secular laws. Muslim countries that use both Sharia law and secular laws often have a mix of religious and secular judges on their courts.

Difference between Hindu Law and Muslim Law

Hindu Law and Muslim Law are both systems of law that govern the people of the Hindu and Muslim faith, respectively.

  • Hindu Law is based on the Vedas, which are a set of sacred texts that Hindus believe were revealed by God.
  • Muslim Law, on the other hand, is based on the Quran, which Muslims believe is the word of God.
  • Both Hindu Law and Muslim Law deal with issues such as marriage, divorce, inheritance, and Contracts. However, there are some key differences between the two legal systems.
  • For instance, Hindu Law generally recognizes four different types of marriages, while Muslim Law only recognizes two.
  • Additionally, Hindu Law allows for polygamy, while Muslim Law does not.

Finally, Hindu Law often emphasizes caste distinctions, while Muslim Law does not. These are just a few of the many ways in which Hindu Law and Muslim Law differ from one another.


Hindu law and Muslim law are two of the most commonly practiced legal systems in the world. While they share some similarities, there are also a number of key differences between the two. In this blog post, we’ve outlined some of the most important distinctions between Hindu law and Muslim law.

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