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Difference between Hindu and Islamic Architecture

Difference between Hindu and Islamic Architecture

When it comes to Hindu and Islamic architecture, there are stark differences. Hindu architecture is intricate with a lot of detail, while Islamic architecture is much more simplistic with an emphasis on shapes and patterns. Hindu temples are often brightly colored, while mosques are typically white or beige. Statues and carvings are common in Hindu temples, but rare in mosques. And finally, Hindu temples tend to have a more open layout, while mosques tend to be more closed off. So what accounts for these differences? Let’s take a closer look.

What is Hindu Architecture?

Hindu architecture can be seen as an expression of the Hindu worldview. The Hindu universe is divided into three main regions: lokas, or the material world; Bhuvan, or the atmospheric world; and svargas, or the heavenly world.

  • Each of these regions is further divided into sub-regions, and each sub-region has its own specific characteristics. In Hindu architecture, these characteristics are reflected in the design of temples and other buildings.
  • For example, a temple may be designed to represent the Hindu cosmos, with its various levels representing the different regions of the universe. Alternatively, a temple may be designed to represent a particular Hindu deity, such as Vishnu or Shiva.
  • Regardless of their specific designs, all Hindu temples share a few common features, such as an inner sanctum where the deity is enshrined and an outer courtyard where worshippers can gather. These features reflect Hindu beliefs about the nature of reality and the relationship between humans and the divine.

What is Islamic Architecture?

Islamic Architecture is a unique and intricate type of design that has its roots in the Middle East. Islamic Architects take great care to create buildings that are both functional and beautiful, using a variety of Islamic motifs and patterns. Islamic Architecture often includes arches, domes, and minarets, as well as intricate tile work and calligraphy. Islamic Architects also strive to create buildings that are open and airy, with plenty of natural light. These design elements not only create a pleasing aesthetic but also help to create a calm and serene environment. Islamic Architecture is truly one of the most fascinating and beautiful styles of design in the world.

Difference between Hindu and Islamic Architecture

Hindu and Islamic architecture are two tradition-based styles that have many differences.

  • Hindu architecture is based on Hindu religious texts, which state that all Hindu temples should face the east.
  • Hindu temples are also often decorated with sculptures of Hindu gods and goddesses.
  • In contrast, Islamic architecture is based on the Quran, which does not mention a specific direction that mosques should face.
  • However, many mosques are designed with a central dome and minarets, which are inspired by Persian and Byzantine architecture.
  • Hindu temples are also typically built with brightly colored façades, while mosques tend to be more subdued in color.

Despite these differences, both Hindu and Islamic architecture styles place an emphasis on creating meaningful spaces for worship.


The two styles of architecture could not be more different from one another. Hindu architecture is ornate and often incorporates intricate carvings, while Islamic architecture is simple and austere with an emphasis on symmetry. These differences can be seen in the temples and mosques that were built during these times. While both styles are beautiful in their own way, it is interesting to see how they evolved as a response to the cultures surrounding them.

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