Difference between Heart attack and Heart Failure

Heart attack vs Heart Failure

What is Difference between heart attack and heart failure? Both heart attack and heart failure are terms most often used in the medical context, as well as in everyday conversations. Both refer to problems that directly affect the proper functioning of the heart. The heart is an organ of vital importance for the body and the moment it stops or stops functioning as it should affect the rest of the organs. It alters the functions of each organ and tissue of the body.

Difference between heart attack and heart failure

Of all the problems that can affect the heart, the two most common are heart failure and heart attack; Hence people often confuse one condition with the other and believe that it is the same. However, although both problems sound similar, they should never be confused, since they are different things.

If you have doubts about what is the difference between heart attack and heart failure or are simply looking for a little more information to complement what you already know, then continue reading, because below we explain everything you need Know about this interesting topic.

Heart attack

There is talk of heart attack when said organ is unable to receive blood due to a blockage in one of the major arteries. That is, the blood flowing to the heart is restricted, causing the cardiac cells to die.

For this problem to occur, a blockage in one of the coronary arteries must occur, thus causing the rupture of a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque; which is nothing more than an unstable collection of lipids and white cells in the arterial wall.

Heart attack is also called myocardial infarction. The reduced blood flow product of what we have already explained has the consequence that oxygen does not reach the heart and manifests a severe pain in the chest, a pain that can spread to the shoulders, arms, neck and even back.

How is the artery blocked in the first place? As calcium plaques, proteins and inflammatory cells form that are responsible for obstructing it.

In spite of everything, there may be other reasons for a heart attack; For example, could be due to severe spasm or arterial shrinkage.

Symptoms of a heart attack include: discomfort or pressure in parts such as the chest, arms, breasts, back, face … heaviness, pain in the above-mentioned parts, sweating, nausea, shortness of breath, and heartbeat Irregular these symptoms usually last about thirty minutes. You may have a heart attack without any symptoms. In “diabetic” patients, “silent” heart attacks are common.

Heart failure

On the other hand, there is talk of heart failure when the heart is unable to exert its function of maintaining blood flow; which causes a drastic drop in pressure.

Heart failure is also known as heart failure. It is characterized by a weakening of the heart that is no longer able to perform its function. The weakening or decaying blood pressure resulting from heart failure causes the kidneys to retain water and salt, which causes liquids to accumulate in parts of the body such as the knees, legs, feet, and arms.

Finally, there are two types of heart failure: systolic dysfunction and diastolic dysfunction. The first occurs when the heart muscle does not pump with enough force and thus a smaller amount of oxygen-laden blood flows through the body. The second occurs when the heart pumps with sufficient force, but the ventricles are stiff and reduce the flow of pressure for the rest of the body.