Thyroid disease is a common problem, and there are two main types: Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and hypothyroidism. Both conditions can cause problems with the thyroid gland, but they are different diseases. Let’s take a look at the differences between Hashimoto disease and hypothyroidism.
What is Hashimoto?
Hashimoto disease is an autoimmune disorder that results in the destruction of thyroid cells. The thyroid is a small gland located in the neck that produces hormones that regulate metabolism. In Hashimoto disease, the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid cells, causing inflammation and damage. This damage leads to a decrease in hormone production, which can result in a variety of symptoms, including fatigue, weight gain, and muscle aches. Hashimoto disease is the most common cause of hypothyroidism, and it is thought to be hereditary. There is no cure for Hashimoto disease, but treatment can help to manage the symptoms and prevent further damage to the thyroid.
What is Hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism is a medical condition that occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough of the hormone thyroxine. The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck and produces thyroxine, which helps regulate the body’s metabolism. Hypothyroidism can occur at any age, but it’s most common in women over the age of 60. Symptoms of hypothyroidism include fatigue, weight gain, dry skin, and cold intolerance. Hypothyroidism is usually diagnosed with a blood test. Treatment for hypothyroidism involves taking synthetic thyroxine to replace the missing hormone.
Difference between Hashimoto and Hypothyroidism
Hashimoto’s disease and hypothyroidism are both conditions that can lead to an underactive thyroid. However, there are some key differences between the two. Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune disorder that attacks the thyroid gland. This can cause the gland to become inflamed and ultimately unable to produce enough hormones. Hypothyroidism, on the other hand, can be caused by a number of different things, including iodine deficiency or certain medications. It occurs when the thyroid gland is unable to produce enough hormones for the body’s needs. As a result, both conditions can lead to symptoms such as fatigue and weight gain. However, Hashimoto’s disease is typically more difficult to treat than hypothyroidism.
Hashimoto’s and hypothyroidism are both conditions that affect the thyroid gland, but they are not the same thing. If you are experiencing symptoms of low thyroid function, it is important to get properly diagnosed so that you can receive appropriate treatment. There is a lot of information out there about these two conditions, and it can be hard to know what is true and what is false. The best way to get accurate information is to talk to your doctor. Thanks for reading!